New Religious Movements in Europe

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Johannes Aagaard, Helle Meldgaard
Aarhus University Press, 1997 - Religion - 192 pages
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This volume surveys the religious and spiritual movements growing in popularity in Western Europe. They include theosophy, transcendental meditation, the Rosicrucians, Mormonism, the occult (including Satanism and Wicca), Jehovah's Witnesses, the Unification Church, Scientology, the Hare Krishna and the Baha'i. Stimulated by travel, mass media and education, individuals have spent the 20th century questioning organised religion and, as the end of the millennium approaches, many are turning to spirituality rooted in ancient practice, but modernised by secular experience. The book opens with analyses of how receptive Europeans are, and have been, to peripheral beliefs, including astrology and reincarnation. Today, nearly one-third of all religious bodies in Europe are based on metaphysical or esoteric tenets or derived from Asian beliefs. Individual chapters then discuss new religious movements in Greece, Italy, Switzerland, the Republic of Ireland, Britain, the Netherlands, Germany (east and west), Austria and Denmark and the Nordic/Scandinavian countries, as well as the Catholic Church's relationship to new religions.

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Contents

The Dispersion of Unorthodox Religiosity in
9
The Catholic Church and New Religions
31
New Religious Movements in Switzerland
74
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