The Gene Illusion: Genetic Research in Psychiatry and Psychology Under the Microscope
Jay Joseph's timely, challenging book provides a much-needed rebuttal of the evidence cited in support of genetic theories in psychiatry and psychology, which are based mainly on twin and adoption studies. He shows that, far from establishing the importance of genes, psychiatric genetic and behavior genetic research on twins and adoptees has been plagued by researcher bias, unsound methodology, and a reliance on erroneous theoretical assumptions. Furthermore, he discusses how this faulty research has been used to support the interests of those attempting to bolster conservative social and political agendas. Under the Microscope Dr. Jay Joseph provocatively challenges current genetic theories and the evidence cited to support them - in particular, genes' alleged role in criminal behavior, IQ, heritability and molecular genetic research - and maintains they are all part of the "Gene Illusion."
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Chapter 1 Introduction
Misunderstanding Twins From Galton to the 21st Century
An Environmentally Confounded Research Technique
Genetic Studies of Twins Reared Apart A Critical Review
A Measure of Inheritance or Inherently Misleading?
Chapter 8 Is Crime in the Genes? A Critical Review of Twin and Adoption Studies of Criminal and Antisocial Behavior
According adoption research adoption studies adoptive parents argued behavior geneticists behavior genetics biological parents biological relatives Bouchard Chapter chronic schizophrenia claim co-twin compulsory sterilization concluded concordance rates control adoptees correlations criminal critics Danish Danish-American diagnosed with schizophrenia differences discussed environmental factors equal environment assumption Ernst Rüdin evidence family studies Faraone fraternal twins Galton genes genetic factors genetic influences genetic research Gottesman & Shields half-siblings hereditary heredity Heston Ibid identical twins important index adoptees index and control interview investigators IQ tests Jackson’s Kallmann Kamin Kendler Kety and colleagues Kringlen Lewontin Loehlin Luxenburger Mednick mental MISTRA MZ twins Nazi offspring personality phrenia Plomin population psychiatric genetics published racial hygienic reared-apart twins reported ronment Rosenthal Rüdin sample schizo schizophrenia adoption schizophrenia spectrum schizotypal personality disorder selective placement similar environments social Tienari trait-relevant Tsuang twin method twin researchers twin studies twins reared versus wrote zygosity
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The Missing Gene: Psychiatry, Heredity, and the Fruitless Search for Genes
Limited preview - 2006