Asherah: Goddesses in Ugarit, Israel and the Old Testament

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A&C Black, Jul 1, 1997 - Religion - 190 pages
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A comprehensive discussion of texts concerning the goddess Asherah, as she is portrayed in texts from Ugarit (both epic and ritual texts, as well as the lists of sacrifices), Israel (the Khirbet el-Qom and Kuntillet Ajrud inscriptions) and the Old Testament. The main theses of the book are that two or more divinities carrying the same name but separated by several hundred years are not necessarily to be identified; that Asherah is probably not a name, but rather a title, carried by the main goddess in ancient Syria-Palestine; that the Asherah of the Old Testament and the Israelite texts was indeed the consort of Yahweh; and that the relationship between the text-groups discussed is of a nature that demands great caution, if one wishes to work comparatively with them.
  

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Contents

Preface
7
Acknowledgments
9
Abbreviations
11
Chapter 1 METHOD
13
Chapter 2 DEFINITIONS
19
Chapter 3 THE SOURCE MATERIAL
25
Chapter 4 ASHERAH IN UGARIT
42
Chapter 5 ASHERAH IN ISRAEL
94
Chapter 6 ASHERAH IN THE OLD TESTAMENT
110
Chapter 7 ASHERAH IN UGARIT ISRAEL AND THE OLD TESTAMENT
142
Appendix 1 LISTS OF SACRIFICES FROM UGARIT
149
Appendix 2 INSCRIPTIONS FROM ISRAEL
164
Bibliography
176
Index of References
185
Index of Authors
189
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About the author (1997)

Tilde Binger lectures at the University of Copenhagen.