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abbat Abbey acres aeccta alii Allodium Angli Anglo-Sax Antiq Barons belonging Berkshire Bishop burgesses Cambridgeshire Carucate Castle charter Church Comitis Conqueror Danegeld dedit demesne Dip ip Domesd Domesday Book Domesday Survey Earl Edward the Confessor ejus entries Essex foll fuit Glossar Gloucestershire habet habuit Hampshire Hanc healp held Herefordshire hiba hibe hida hides of land Hist hoes homines homo huic huj9 hunbpeb Hund hundred Ibid Ipse Kelham Kent King Edward King's Laws Lincolnshire Lond lord manerio Manerium manor Matters noticed mentioned mlanb Modo Monasteries Norman occurs omnes Ordericus Vitalis Oxfordshire paid pepeb Principal Matters noticed quae quod Record redd rege regis rent Saxon says shillings shire Silua soca Suffolk sunt Sussex tenants tenuit tenure Terra Thanes tom.i torn villa villein Wilk Willelmus William William the Conqueror Worcestershire
Page 75 - They could not leave their lord without his permission ; but if they ran away, or were purloined from him, might be claimed and recovered by action, like beasts, or other chattels.
Page 79 - Coke observes (</), although very meanly descended, yet come of an ancient house; for, from what has been premised, it appears that copyholders are in truth no other but villeins, who. by a long series of immemorial encroachments on the lord, have at last established a customary right to those estates, which before were held absolutely at the lord's will (Л).
Page 76 - ... and seize them to his own use, unless he contrived to dispose of them again before the lord had seized them, for the lord had then lost his opportunity.
Page 75 - On the arrival of the Normans here, it seems not improbable, that they, who were strangers to any other than a feudal state, might give some sparks of enfranchisement to such wretched persons as fell to their share, by admitting them, as well as others, to the oath of fealty ; which conferred a right of protection, and raised the tenant to a kind of estate superior to downright slavery, but inferior to every...
Page 74 - Temple speaks (/), a sort of people in a condition of downright servitude, used and employed in the most servile works, and belonging, both they, their children and effects, to the lord of the soil, like the rest of the cattle or stock upon it.
Page 78 - For the good nature and benevolence of many lords of manors having, time out of mind, permitted their villeins and their children to enjoy their possessions without interruption, in a regular course of descent, the common law, of which custom is the life, now gave them title to prescribe against their lords...
Page 188 - Eliguntur in iisdem conciliis et principes, qui jura per pagos vicosque reddunt. Centeni singulis ex plebe comites, consilium •simul et auctoritas adsunt, ?i*^¿.
Page 76 - For the children of villeins were also in the same state of bondage with their parents; whence they were called in Latin nativi, which gave rise to the female appellation of a villein, who was called a neife (m).
Page 21 - ... how many cotarii, how many servi, what free-men, how many tenants in socage, what quantity of wood, how much meadow and pasture, what mills and fish-ponds, how much added or taken away, what the gross value in King Edward's time...
Chapter 3: Social Classes on the Domesday Welsh Frontier
THE RECTITUDINES SINGULARUM PERSONARUM: