This coherent text translates the methods of statisticians into "ecological English" so that students may readily apply these methods to the real world. Ecological Methodology, Second Edition provides a balance of material on animal and plant populations. It teaches students of ecology how to design the most efficient tests in order to obtain maximum precision with minimal work. The first part of the text focuses on biological and technical issues in statistical methodology. Students learn about advances that have been made in designing better sampling devices, along with the techniques and equipment used for sampling. The second part deals with creating solid statistical design, and presents all methods that are well-known to statisticians in a language and context that students will easily understand.
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abundance aerial analysis aphids assumption bias block boundary strip calculations capture caught Chapter clumped cluster coefficient of variation confidence interval confidence limits defined density estimate discussed ecological ecologists equal catchability equation estimate of population estimate population example experimental design Figure finite formula frequency distribution illustrates level of precision line transect mark-recapture marked animals nearest neighbor negative binomial distribution nested niche breadth null hypothesis number of animals number of individuals number of samples number of species observed obtained organisms parameters Petersen plants plot Poisson distribution population density population estimate probability problem procedure Program-group proportion quadrat counts random points random sampling ratio recaptures regression replicates resource sample size sample sizes sampling unit Schnabel Seber similarity simple random sampling spatial pattern standard deviation standard error statistical stratified stratum study area survival rate systematic sampling Table techniques Total number transformation variable variance