The Industrial Revolution in the Eighteenth Century: An Outline of the Beginnings of the Modern Factory System in England

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Taylor & Francis, Nov 3, 2005 - Business & Economics - 552 pages
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This classic volume, first published in 1928, is a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of the Industrial Revolution. Arranged in three distinct parts, it covers:

* Preparatory Changes
* Inventions and Factories
* The Immediate Consequences.

A valuable reference, it is, as Professor T. S. Ashton says in his preface to this work, 'in both its architecture and detail this volume is by far the best introduction to the subject in any language... one of a few works on economic history that can justly be spoken of as classics'.

  

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Cottage Industry and the Factory System
First Argument Claim
How did the cottage industry decline in British society? According to Harris, J. (1981) Journal of social policy “The Sweated trades
: Outwork in nineteenth-century Britain,” review by Bythell (1983) ascertain the cottage industry opens access to the development of home employment in family. Families spun yarns into textile in the comfort of their homes for an income, with the help of hand tools. Business operator supplied raw materials, distributed to cottage industry to assemble into finish garment. People begin buying extra merchandise, textile trader look for quicker and cheaper technique of producing fashion.
According to the article, “Cottage industry and the Factory system” retrieve from the website http://www.historywithmrgreen.com. Illustrate “the cottage industry suited to pre-urban times; workers did not travel from home to work, due to the state of the road is a footpath.” “Cottage industry had some flexibility, to balance farm and household chores with the factory system; this being especially important in winter.”
Mantoux, P. (1962) express these eras transfigure the way people worked and lived. “New knowledge invented, a large division of the residents migrate from the countryside to urban area in quest of employment.” “Factories used far less manpower per unit of production and therefore lowered product cost.”
Bythell (1983) echo several writers’ observation “Man has been able to make tools for himself.” Bythell also prove the argument of this essay, machinery created an increase for factory system production, and caused a decline to cottage industry.
 

Contents

PREFACE BY PROFESSOR T S ASHTON
19
Introduction
25
n1 Industrial capitalism before the factory system The English
33
Condition of the industrial classes The master craftsman
37
The correlative development of exchange and the division
41
CHAPTER
47
Centres of the English woollen trade at the beginning of
53
v1 Conflicts between capital and labour The cleavage
74
1 Period of the jenny
246
Economic liberty It is not true to say that the cotton
256
1x Machinery in the woollen trade Concentration of
261
CHAPTER THREE
271
the vanishing
280
1n Conversion of pig iron into bar iron Invention of puddling
292
The iron industry in England at the end of the eighteenth
305
CHAPTER FOUR
311

its twofold
83
this was
90
COMMERCIAL EXPANSION
91
Outlines of the history of British trade Maritime expansion
99
Movements of English foreign trade between 1700 and 1800
102
the growth of the port
105
bad state of the roads Early efforts
112
Navigable waterways in the centre and north of England at
118
vn The creation of canals retarded by the development of
120
THE REDISTRIBUTION OF THE LAND
136
individual ownership and common
146
hence
163
v1n Economic and social results Disappearance of common
169
1x The townward movement begins Yeomen after selling
180
THE BEGINNINGS OF MACHINERY
189
its beginnings The pro
197
1n The cotton industry before the introduction of machinery
204
Hargreavess invention of the jenny 1765 His difficulties
216
1v Samuel Cromptons mule 1779 How the manufacturers
234
Saverys engine diagram
314
James Watt With him science first makes its appearance
318
Boultons activity and ambition com
330
v1 The invention of the steam engine completes industrial
337
THE FACTORY SYSTEM
341
H Change in distribution of population Its present distribu
354
1v The centres of the iron industry Birmingham and
362
HI The qualities needed The question of capital organization
373
Consciousness of common interests Understanding
393
v1n Results of commercial expansion Division of labour varies
394
CHAPTER THREE
399
u Labour in the factories Dislike of the workers for factory
418
their expenses Rise
426
CHAPTER FOUR
440
Appeal to State intervention The workers ask for
451
rv The humanitarian movement Its origins entirely outside
464
The first Factory Act Childrens work in the spinning
474
rv The great ironworks The Darbys at Coalbrookdale
521
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