Not Only the 'dangerous Trades': Women's Work and Health in Britain, 1880-1914

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Taylor & Francis, 1996 - Health & Fitness - 283 pages
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Using original research and focusing on occupational ill-health in relation to women workers, this book presents a perspective for the analysis of both gender and work and work and ill-health. The author gives a critique of traditional theoretical accounts of gender relations, state intervention and industrial ill-health. The chapters examine the extent to which feminist activists got involved in debates about health and industrial work, and show how activists went beyond the concerns of suffrage.; The book presents a historical period which was marked by a change in the role of the state with respect to intervention in industrial conditions, and analyses the coincidence of this with three other significant developments: the growth of expertise in industrial disease; the employment of women in the factory to take on responsibilities in relation to other women; and changes in the direction of feminist activism. In light of this analysis, the author suggests that some theoretical approaches to both gender relations and health and safety requirements require modification.
  

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Contents

Suffer the Working Day Womens Work and Endangered Health
21
Hours of Work
27
Sanitary Conditions and Provision
35
Hot and Cold and Fresh Air
39
The Oppressive Power of Men at Work
43
The Dangerous Trades
51
Women in Danger
55
Dangers at Work
56
Medical Men and Womens Occupational Illhealth
163
Early Debates
164
In the Service of the State
166
The Medical Construction of Knowledge of Womens Occupational Illhealth
170
Doctors and Industry
173
Success or Failure?
175
Missionaries of the State Women Factory Inspectors and Women at Work
181
Eventual Success
184

White Cemeteries
60
The Other Story
66
The Reality
71
Work Maternity and Domestic Labours
80
Lead and Reproductive Damage
88
Sweated Work and the Home as a Place of Paid Work
92
Out of the Factory Health and Work in Nonindustrial Occupations
106
Shop Assistants Barmaids and Waitresses
111
Clerks and Typists
115
Professional Work
119
Teaching
120
Nursing
124
Women Factory Inspectors
128
Responses
137
State Intervention Protective Legislation and Womens Health
139
State and Society 18801914
140
Precedents
143
The Response from 1880
146
Employers
147
the Failure of State Intervention
152
Women Men and the State
155
Becoming a Woman Factory Inspector
186
Working Days and Working Nights
188
Perspectives on Womens Occupational Health
190
Gender Divisions in the Service of the State
192
Women Feminism and the Politics of Protective Legislation
200
Lining up on Protective Legislation
201
Division and Dissent
204
Feminism Work and the Protection of Health
208
Women Trade Unionism and Working Conditions
213
Working Women Legislation and Health
215
A Concluding Discussion Toward a Feminist Analysis of the State Womens Paid Work and Occupational Illhealth
223
A Failed Approach?
224
Protective Legislation Intentions and Consequences
229
Mens Interests and the Subordination of Women
232
Toward a Feminist Analysis
237
Feminist Politics and Womens Resistance
239
Talking about Women
242
Appendix
248
Bibliography
252
Index
273
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