Violence Against Prisoners of War in the First World War: Britain, France and Germany, 1914-1920

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Cambridge University Press, Jun 2, 2011 - History - 451 pages
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In this groundbreaking new study, Heather Jones provides the first in-depth and comparative examination of violence against First World War prisoners. She shows how the war radicalised captivity treatment in Britain, France and Germany, dramatically undermined international law protecting prisoners of war and led to new forms of forced prisoner labour and reprisals, which fuelled wartime propaganda that was often based on accurate prisoner testimony. This book reveals how, during the conflict, increasing numbers of captives were not sent to home front camps but retained in western front working units to labour directly for the British, French and German armies - in the German case, by 1918, prisoners working for the German army endured widespread malnutrition and constant beatings. Dr Jones examines the significance of these new, violent trends and their later legacy, arguing that the Great War marked a key turning-point in the twentieth century evolution of the prison camp.
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
Part I Propaganda representations of violence against prisoners
29
Introduction to part I
31
civilian violence towards prisoners of war in 1914
33
representations of atrocity 191416
70
Part II Violence and prisoner of war forced labour
121
Introduction to part II
123
the spring reprisals of 1917
127
Part III The end of violence? Repatriation and remembrance
253
Introduction to part III
255
prisoner repatriation and the formation of memory 191821
257
the interwar historicisation of violence against prisoners of war 192239
315
the legacy of First World War captivity in 193945
356
Conclusion
371
Glossary of foreign terms
377
Bibliography
378

violence in German prisoner of war labour companies in 1918
167
5 Inevitable escalation? British and French treatment of forced prisoner labour 191718
223

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About the author (2011)

Heather Jones is Lecturer in International History at the London School of Economics and Political Science. Her previous publications include Untold War: New Perspectives in First World War Studies (co-edited with Christoph Schmidt-Supprian and Jennifer O'Brien, 2008).

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