Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 6, Biology and Biological Technology, Part 6, Medicine

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Cambridge University Press, Apr 13, 2000 - History - 280 pages
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The latest volume in Joseph Needham's magisterial review of China's premodern scientific and technological traditions introduces the history of medicine. Following the deaths of Joseph Needham and Lu Gwei-Djen, a considerable amount of written material on the development of Chinese medicine awaited publication. This material has been gathered together by the editor, Nathan Sivin, in the five essays contained in this volume. They offer a broad and readable account of medicine in culture, including hygiene and preventive medicine, forensic medicine and immunology, and the examinations taken by some Chinese physicians for more than a thousand years. Professor Sivin has edited the essays, expanding them where appropriate and incorporating the results of recent research. His extensive introduction discusses the contributions of Needham and Lu, placing the essays in context, and surveys recent scholarship from China, Japan, Europe and the United States.
  

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Contents

MEDICINE page
38
Consultation with a physician page
39
A physician applying moxibustion
46
General views of the circulation tracts and the most important loci for acupuncture and moxibustion
62
b Hygiene and preventive medicine p
67
3 Ancient literature p
70
Preventive medicine in the Shan hai ching page
73
4 The Yellow Emperors treatise p
74
6 Sung medical education p
105
Hollow bronze statue used in acupuncture examinations
106
7 Sung medical examinations p
108
8 Islamic influence on Europe p
111
9 Chinese influence on Islam p
112
10 Conclusion
113
d The origins of immunology p
114
2 Smallpox in history p
124

5 Hygiene mental and physical p
76
6 Principles of nutritional regimen p
78
7 Personal hygiene and sanitation p
84
The soapbean tree
87
8 Care of teeth p
90
the example of rabies p
91
10 Comparisons and conclusions p
92
c Qualifying examinations p
95
2 Medical posts p
96
3 Medical teaching p
98
Technical administration +492
99
Veterinarian equine bone anatomy
100
5 Provincial medical education p
104
3 Aetiology and theory in China p
127
Variations in smallpox symptoms due to internal abnormality
128
4 The earliest mentions of inoculation p
134
5 Methods of inoculation p
140
Talismans used in exorcism to cure smallpox in a child
159
Talismans for abnormal symptoms in smallpox
160
e Forensic medicine p
175
Official form used in inquests
199
BIBLIOGRAPHIES
201
GENERAL INDEX
235
Index
243
Copyright

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About the author (2000)

Joseph Needham FRS (1900-1995) was the founder of the Science and Civilisation in China project.

Nathan Sivin is professor of Chinese culture and of the history of science at the University of Pennsylvania.

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