Similarity and Analogical Reasoning

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Stella Vosniadou, Andrew Ortony
Cambridge University Press, 1989 - Medical - 592 pages
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Similarity and analogy are fundamental in human cognition. They are crucial for recognition and classification, and have been associated with scientific discovery and creativity. Any adequate understanding of similarity and analogy requires the integration of theory and data from diverse domains. This interdisciplinary volume explores current development in research and theory from psychological, computational, and educational perspectives, and considers their implications for learning and instruction. The distinguished contributors examine the psychological processes involved in reasoning by similarity and analogy, the computational problems encountered in simulating analogical processing in problem solving, and the conditions promoting the application of analogical reasoning in everyday situations.
  

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Contents

Similarity and the structure of concepts
19
Similarity and decision making
60
Twotiered concept meaning inferential matching
122
Psychological essentialism
179
Analogical reasoning
197
A computational model of analogical problem solving
242
Use of analogy in a production system architecture
267
Toward a microstructural account of human
298
Similarity and analogy in development
367
Analogical reasoning as a mechanism in knowledge
413
Remindings in learning and instruction
438
because wisdom cant
470
antidotes
498
The activation and acquisition
532
Comments on Parts I II and III
546
Name index
567

Analogy and the exercise of creativity
313
Levels of description
332
The role of explanation
346

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About the author (1989)

Ortony is Professor of Psychology at the Institute for Learning Sciences, Northwestern University.

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