A Biographical Encyclopedia of Scientists and Inventors in American Film and TV Si

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Scarecrow Press, Sep 16, 2011 - Biography & Autobiography - 323 pages
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Films that dramatize historical events and the lives of historical figures—whether they are intended to educate or to entertain—play a significant role in shaping the public's understanding of the past. In A Biographical Encyclopedia of Scientists andInventors in American Film and TV since 1930, A. Bowdoin Van Riper focuses on the dramatized portrayals of a particular group of historical figures—scientists, engineers, and inventors—that have appeared on American film and television screens. This volume analyzes individual portrayals, the public images of particular scientists and inventors, and the ideas about science and technology that, collectively, they represent. In this first in-depth study of how historic scientists and inventors have beenportrayed on screen, Van Riper catalogs nearly 300 separate performances and includes essays on the screen images of more than 80 historic scientists, inventors, engineers, and medical researchers. The individuals covered include Isaac Newton, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Edison, Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, Dian Fossey, and Bill Gates. Arranged chronologically by the subject's date of birth, entries for each individual explain their major contributions to science and technology, analyze the ways in whichthey've been portrayed in film and on television, and conclude with a complete list of screen portrayals and a discussion of suggestions for further reading. A Biographical Encyclopedia of Scientists and Inventors in American Film and TV since 1930will be of interest to anyone concerned with the depiction of historical events and historical figures in film and television, and to anyone interested in the public understanding of science and technology.
  

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The author repeats a blunder regarding Thomas Crapper's role in the origin of the scatological word "crap". Crapper-deniers, including the once great Oxford English Dictionary misinterpret phrases from1846, where the place of "easement by evacuation of the bowel" is facetiously called a "crapping-ken" and "crapping-case". These passages indeed antedate the Thomas Crapper & Co Ltd plumbing firm. However, a "crapping case" is not at all a WC. In a Water Closet water flushes the waste from the house to the great beyond. A "crapping ken", to the contrary, is an earth-closet. Jane Austen for one had one. The OED glossar, who should remain nameless, wrongly interpreted the term "crapping" as the dump, rather than the wipe. That need is best served, unless you're in the Sahara, the South Sea Islands, or the Arctic, with a crop of grass, a "crap" in Yorkshire. Thomas's ancestors were Yorkshire crappers: they brought in the crap. Where southern English says "crop", in northern English dialects the form is "crap". In Appalachia ditto. Read Davy Crockett about his "crap". In these old lands “to crap” means to reap. The earliest written record of the modern poo-word "crap" dates only from the 1930s, written in the era of World War I veterans. Before the 1920s the evidence is zero. If you know how to look for it. England's' word geography and new corpus linguistic data refute the giddy antedaters. The poo word "crap", noun and verb, is a back formation from the surname of Thomas Crapper. Doughboys, a million of them passed through England in 1917-18. Most were country boys, who knew only the pot and the privy. That itself was light-years ahead of most of the world'. Thomas Crapper's England is where American men first knew the bliss of flush toilets -- in "the Crapper". The denial of naming righs to Thomas Crapper outdoes even the blunder of the 1988 NY Times piece about JFK and the jelly doughnut. Crapper WAS the man. 

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Contents

Hippocrates of Kos 460370 BC Greek Physician
3
Aristotle 384322 BC Greek Philosopher and Naturalist
6
Archimedes c 287212 BC Greek Mathematician Physicist and Engineer
8
Gutenberg Johan c 14001462 German Inventor
10
Da Vinci Leonardo 14521519 Italian Scientist and Engineer
12
Copernicus Nicholas 14731543 GermanPolish Mathematician and Astronomer
17
Bacon Francis 15611626 English Philosopher and Physicist
19
Galileo 15641642 Italian Astronomer Physicist and Mathematician
21
Ford Henry 18631947 American Engineer Inventor and Automobile Manufacturer
155
Carver George Washington 18641943 American Agronomist and Agricultural Chemist
159
Curie Marie Sklodowska 18671934 Polish Later French Physicist and Chemist
163
Wright Wilbur 18671912 and Orville 18711948 American Aircraft Designers
173
Adler Alfred 18701937 Austrian Psychologist
182
Carter Howard 18741939 English Archaeologist
184
Marconi Guglielmo 18741937 Italian Electrical Engineer
187
Jung Carl Gustav 18751961 Swiss Psychologist
189

Digby Kenelm 16031665 English Mathematician Natura lPhilosopher and Student of Magic
26
Newton Isaac 16421717 English Mathematician and Physicist
28
Halley Edmond 16561742 English Astronomer Mathematician Physicist Meteorologist and Inventor
34
Harrison John 16931776 English Carpenter and Clockmaker
36
Franklin Benjamin 17061790 English Later American Physicist
40
PART II THE NINETEENTH CENTURY
45
Fulton Robert 17651815 American Artist Engineer Inventor and Naval Architect
47
Whitney Eli 17651825 American Teacher and Inventor
51
Oersted Hans Christian 17771851 Danish Physicist
54
Audubon John James 17851851 American Ornithologist Naturalist and Artist
56
Babbage Charles 17911871 English Mathematician and Inventor
59
Cooper Peter 17911883 American Industrialist and Inventor
61
Morse Samuel F B 17911872 American Artist and Inventor
63
Bowie James 17961836 American Frontiersman
65
Ericsson John 18031889 SwedishBorn American Mechanical Engineer and Designer
67
De Lesseps Ferdinand 18051894 French Diplomat
71
Darwin Charles 18091882 English Geologist and Biologist
75
Lovelace Augusta Ada ByronKing Countess of 18151852 English Mathematician and Computer Scientist
80
Mitchell Maria 18181889 American Astronomer
83
Pasteur Louis 18221895 French Chemist and Microbiologist
86
Kelvin William ThomsonLord 18241907 British Physicist and Engineer
91
Nobel Alfred 18331896 Swedish Chemist and Inventor
96
Crapper Thomas 18341910 English Plumber
99
Langley Samuel P 18341906 American Astronomer and Aircraft Designer
101
Powell John Wesley 18341902 American Geologist and Ethnographer
103
Newcomb Simon 18351909 American Astronomer
108
Holland John Philip 18401914 American Engineer and Designer
110
Bell Alexander Graham 18471922 Scottish Later AmericanScientist and Inventor
112
Edison Thomas 18471931 American Inventor
123
Ehrlich Paul 18541915 German Chemist and Immunologist
135
PART III THE TWENTIETH CENTURY TO 1945
141
Freud Sigmund 18561939 Austrian Psychologist
143
Tesla Nikola 18561943 CroatianBorn Naturalized AmericanElectrical Engineer
149
Kroeber Alfred 18761960 American Anthropologist
191
Einstein Albert 18791955 German Later American Physicist
193
Kenny Elizabeth 18801952 Australian Nurse and Physical Therapist
203
Goddard Robert H 18821945 American Rocket Designer
207
Malinowski Bronislaw 18841942 Polish Anthropologist
210
Fokker Anthony 18901939 Dutch Aircraft Engineer
214
Kinsey Alfred 18941956 American Biologist and Sex Researcher
218
Momsen Charles Bowers Swede 18961967 American Naval Officer Engineer and Inventor
223
Blalock Alfred 18991964 American Surgeon and Medical Researcher
227
Williams David Marshall 19001975 American Gunsmith
231
PART IV THE TWENTIETH CENTURY AFTER 1945
233
Tucker Preston 19031956 American Automobile Designer and Manufacturer
235
Oppenheimer J Robert 19041967 American Physicist
240
Hughes Howard R Jr 19051976 American Industrialist Aviator Filmmaker and Engineer
250
Farnsworth Philo T 19061971 American Electrical Engineer
254
Von Braun Wernher 19121977 German Later American Rocket Engineer
256
Wilkins Maurice 19162004 English Physicist
261
Feynman Richard 19181988 American Physicist
263
Franklin Rosalind 19201958 English Chemist and Crystallographer
265
Mowat Farley 1921 Canadian Naturalist and Conservationist
269
Kearns Robert 19272005 American Electrical Engineer
274
Bull Gerald 19281990 Canadian Engineer and Weapons Designer
276
Nash John Forbes Jr 1928 American Mathematician
280
Crick Francis H C 19162004 English Molecular Biologist and Physicist
285
Fossey Dian 19321985 American Primatologist
290
Sacks Oliver 1933 BritishBorn American Physician and Author
294
Boisjoly Roger 1938 American Rocket Engineer
298
Canfield William American Biochemist
301
Jobs Steve 1955 American Computer Scientist and Entrepreneur
304
Gates Bill 1955 American Computer Engineer and Entrepreneur
307
Index
311
About the Author
323
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

A. Bowdoin Van Riper is a historian, whose research focuses on the social and cultural dimensions of modern science and technology. He is the author or editor of five books, including Science in Popular Culture (2002) and Rockets and Missiles: The Life Story of a Technology (2007).

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