Food Webs and Container Habitats: The Natural History and Ecology of Phytotelmata
The animal communities in plant-held water bodies, such as tree holes and pitcher plants, are models for food web studies. In this book, Professor Kitching introduces us to these fascinating miniature worlds and demonstrates how they can be used to tackle some of the major questions in community ecology. Based on his thirty years of research around the world, he presents much previously unpublished information, as well as summarizing over a hundred years of natural history observations made by others. The book covers many aspects of the theory of food web formation and maintenance presented with field-collected information on tree holes, bromeliads, pitcher plants, bamboo containers, and the axils of fleshy plants.
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abundance Aedes triseriatus analyses aquatic Australia axil waters axils bamboo internodes Beaver bicalcarata Borneo bracts bromeliads Ceratopogonidae Chapter chironomid co-occurring complex container habitats Culicidae Curcuma detritus Diptera Ecology ecosystems encountered Entomological Society fauna feeding links Figure food webs food-web statistics food-web structure forest genera genus Guinea habitat unit Hypothesis inflorescences insects Laessle Lamington National Park larvae latitude Leaf axil Lounibos Malaysia midge mites mosquito mosquito larvae Nepenthes albomarginata Nepenthes ampullaria Nepenthes bicalcarata Nepenthes pitchers number of predators number of species number of trophic observed occur organisms particular patterns phytotelm phytotelm types phytotelmata Pimm pitcher plants pitchers of Nepenthes predatory species Prediction present prey processes Queensland rainforest range recorded reflect region relationship rot holes rotifers samples saprophages Sarracenia scale South-east spatial specialist species of Nepenthes studies Sulawesi summarised Table Thienemann 1934 top predators Toxorhynchites tree-hole trophic levels variables variation water bodies water-filled tree holes