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acre advantage agriculture allowed arable land barley better breed called cattle chalk CHAP cheese chiefly Chippenham clover common-field commonable lands consequence corn cows custom dairy Devizes district ditto drains dung early enclosed enclosures ewes expense farmers feed fields flinty loams flock fold frequently Gloucestershire hills horses improvement increase instances keep kind of land kingdom labourers laid lambs landholders landlord late loams manors manure meadows necessary north-west oats object oxen parish particularly pasture perhaps Pewsey Vale planted plough produce proper purpose quantity ray-grass reason rent sand lands sand veins SECT Sedgehill seldom severalty sheep stock sheep-fold soils and situations South Wilts South Wiltshire South-east South-east District sowing sown spring summer tenant tenantry timber tion tithes trees trict turnips underwood usually vetches Warminster water-meadows wheat Wiltshire Downs winter wood yard lands
Page 124 - not perhaps bear it a week in February or March, and sometimes scarcely two days in April and May. In the catch-meadows, which are watered by springs, the great object is, to keep the works of them very dry between the intervals of watering; and as such situations are seldom affected by floods, and generally have too
Page 124 - the water must be repeated for a few days at a time ; always keeping this fundamental rule in view, " to make the meadows as dry as possible after every watering ; and to take off the water the moment any scum appears upon the land, which shews that it has already had water enough." Some meadows that will require the water
Page 123 - bare, when the manager of the mead (provincially the drowner) begins to clean out the main drain, and the main carriage, and to " right up the works," that is, to make good all the carriages and drains which the cattle have trodden in, so as to have one tier or pitch of work ready for drowning. This is
Page xiv - a great deal of the property -of the former district has been divided and subdivided, and gone into the hands of the many, the property in the latter distri'ct has been bought up by the great landholders, and is now in fewer hands than it was in the seventeenth
Page 278 - Mangel wurzel. Maw-seed. Medicago, various sorts. Millet. Red. White. Mustard. Brown. Oats. Early Essex. —— Dutch brew. —— Tartarian. Poland. Potatoe. • Flanders. Caspian. Black. Parsley. Plain. Parsnip. Large thick. Pea. Marlborough grey. —— Large grey rouncival. —— Early
Page 16 - it as possible. Next follows the arable, until the land becomes too steep or too thin to plough, and then the sheep and cow downs; and frequently the woods at the extremity of the manor, and adjoining the downs or woods of the manors in the opposite bourn.
Page 125 - by catching and rousing it as often as possible ; and as the upper works of every pitch will be. liable to get more water than those lower down, a longer time should be given to the latter, so as to make them as equal as possible.
Page 21 - with their own families, they can bring their produce to market on equal terms with the large ones. But on Wiltshire Down farms, where horses are necessary to plough the land and sheep to manure it, the little farmer stands on a very disadvantageous comparison with • the great one; being obliged to bear a much greater proportional expense in horses and servants.
Page 21 - those modes of husbandry where the hands as well as the eyes of the farmer, and every branch of his family, can be fully employed, small farms can be managed to advantage. In dairy farms this is peculiarly the case, and it is frequently so in countries where the land is partly applied to breeding cattle and partly to raising