The Politics of Provisions: Food Riots, Moral Economy, and Market Transition in England, C. 1550-1850
The 'politics of provisions' - forceful negotiations over sustenance - has created surprising contests in world history, particularly in times of market transition. In England a 'politics of provisions' evolved in a dialogue between popular riots and paternalist subsistence policies from Tudor dearths to the Victorian embrace of free-market doctrines. Hence provision politics was a core ingredient of both state-formation and of the emergence of the first market economy and society in England. This book is the first full-scale critical revision of E.P. Thompson's seminal model of the 'moral economy of the crowd', which has had huge influence across the social sciences. It is the first synthesis of the many dispersed studies of three centuries of marketing and negotiations by riot over subsistence. By explaining such long-term shifts in patterns of political negotiation from parish-pump to Privy Council, this study offers a new view of why food riots were a more compelling and lasting bone of contention than enclosures, wages or votes.
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ABirmG action Adrian Randall Agrarian Agricultural April Assize bakers Birmingham Black Country bread Bristol Cambridge Charles Tilly colliers Community Politics consumers corn Cornwall Country crises crowds dealers dearth orders DerbyM Devon E.P. Thompson Early Modern England Eighteenth Century England engrossing exports Famine farmers flour food rioters food riots food supplies force forestalling grain granaries hanged harvest Hindle History Ibid industrial John Walter July justices Labouring London LondonCh magistrates Maldon Manchester March market-dependent marketplace merchants militia mills miners Moral Economy negotiations NorthptonM officials Oxford parish parliamentary boroughs paternalist Paul Slack Policy politics of provisions poor law Popular Protest population Privy Council provision politics Quarter Sessions Randall regrating relief Revolution riotous Riots and Community Rogers rural seized September 1800 Sharp Sheffield shipments Slack Social Society soup starved subscriptions subsistence Thirsk Thompson Thwaites tinners towns trade troops Tudor Urban wages wheat William workers Wretched Faces Wrightson Yeomanry