Facing the Gods: Epiphany and Representation in Graeco-Roman Art, Literature and Religion
This is the first history of epiphany as both a phenomenon and as a cultural discourse within the Graeco-Roman world, exploring divine manifestations and their representations, in visual terms as well as in literary, historical and epigraphic accounts. Verity Platt sets the cultural analysis of epiphany within a historical framework that explores its development from the archaic period into the Roman empire. In particular, a surprisingly large number of the images that have survived from antiquity are not only religious, but epiphanically charged. Verity Platt argues that the enduring potential for divine incursions into mortal experience provides a structure of cognitive reliability that supports both ancient religion and mythology. At the same time, Graeco-Roman culture exhibits a sophisticated awareness of the difficulties of the apprehension of deity, the representation of divine presence, and the potential for the manmade sign to lead the worshipper back to an unmediated epiphanic encounter.
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Acropolis Aelius Aristides agalma ancient aniconic anthropomorphic antiquity Aphrodite Aphrodite’s Apollo Apollonius archaic Artemidorus Artemis artistic Asclepieion Asclepius Athena Athenian Callimachus century bce Chaniotis claims classical cognitive context cult images Damis Damophon Damophon’s deity Demeter demonstrated depicting Dio’s Dionysus discussion in Chapter divine form divine presence dream vision ekphrasis Elsner emphasises enargeia epigram epigraphic epiphanic encounter epiphany example experience Figure function funerary god’s goddess gods Hellenic Hellenistic Heracles Hermes heroes Heroicus Homeric Hymns human iconography image’s Imagines inscription kaª Knidia Koch Piettre Lapatin literary Lykosoura manifestation Memnon mimesis mimetic mortal myth narrative object ofthe Olympian oneiric Palladion Parthenos Paus Pausanias Petridou phantasia Phidias philosophical Philostratus Plutarch Polias portrait Praxiteles present Protesilaos relationship religious representation ritual role Roman sacred images sanctuary sarcophagus sculpture Second Sophistic sense Sichtermann statue’s suggests techn¯e temple the¯oria tomb tradition viewer viewing visual votive reliefs worshippers Zanker and Ewald Zeus