Race and Empire in British Politics
This book discusses British thought on race and racial differences in the latter phases of empire from the 1890s to the early 1960s. It focuses on the role of racial ideas in British society and politics and looks at the decline in Victorian ideas of white Anglo-Saxon racial solidarity. The impact of anthropology is shown to have had a major role in shifting the focus on race in British ruling class circles from a classical and humanistic imperialism towards a more objective study of ethnic and cultural groups by the 1930s and 1940s. As the empire turned into a commonwealth, liberal ideas on race relations helped shape the post-war rise of 'race relations' sociology. Drawing on extensive government documents, private papers, newspapers, magazines and interviews this book breaks new ground in the analysis of racial discourse in twentieth-century British politics and the changing conception of race amongst anthropologists, sociologists and the professional intelligentsia.
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Empire and AngloSaxonism
Mary Kingsley and the emergence of cultural relativism
The Commonwealth ideal and the problem of racial segregation
The widening critique of empire
Sociology anthropology and race
Colonial development war and black immigration
End of empire and the rise ofrace relations
A. C. Haddon American Anglo-Saxon Anthropological Institute anthropometric argued became began black immigrants black seamen Britain British colonial British imperial British politics Bryce Cardiff civilisation colonial development Colonial Office colonial policy coloured Committee Commonwealth communities conception Council critics cultural Curtis debate E. D. Morel early economic emergence English especially establishment eugenics European George Padmore groups half-caste Harris History Home Office hostility Ibid ideal ideas ideology increasingly intellectual inter-racial issue J. A. Hobson J. L. Keith Journal July L. T. Hobhouse Labour Party liberal linked Lionel Curtis Liverpool London Macmillan Mary Kingsley moral MSS Brit Negro opinion organisation Oxford Pan-African problem race relations racial segregation Racial Unity racism radical Review Round Table Second World segregation segregationism sociology South Africa survey theory thinking tradition Union Universal Races Congress Victorian WASU welfare West African West Indian West Indies wrote