The Coolie Trade: The Traffic in Chinese Laborers to Latin America 1847-1874

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Arnold J Meagher, 2008 - Business & Economics - 486 pages
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"With the abolition of the African slave trade, Latin American plantation owners, and exploiters of guano beds and nittrate fields, unsuccessful elsewhere, turned toward the teeming population of China for their manpower needs. Between 1847 and 1874, vessels of twenty Western nations transported over a quarter of a million largely involuntary male Chinese to the Caribbean and tropical South America. This migration was initiated and sustained, not by the spontaneous action of free agents, but rather, by the persuasion, deceit, and coercion of emigration recruiters in the employ of Western entrepreneurs. The voyage to the Americas was a prolonged battle for survival with the elements, disease, ruthless crews, and scheming fellow passengers that took the lives of approximately one emigrant in every eight. In Latin America, Chinese laborers, like the Negro slaves they replaced, were exploited, oppressed, and kept in varying degrees of dehumanizing bondage"--Back jacket.
  

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A Kirkus Discoveries Review: Meagher, Arnold J. THE COOLIE TRADE: The Traffic in Chinese Laborers to Latin America 1847-1874 (Xlibris 477pp, ISBN:978-1-4363-0943-1, March 2008). A thorough study of ... Read full review

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征引繁富,论证详实,值得参考。

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Contents

THE INTERCONTINENTAL SEARCH FOR LABORERS
27
The Growth of Sugar Plantations and Demands for Labor
29
Britains Reluctant Compromise
34
The Labor Needs of Cuba Peru and Brazil
40
The Reputation of the Chinese as Laborers
48
RECRUITING LABORERS ON THE CHINA COAST
52
Nature and Causes of Chinese Emigration
58
Official Attitude of the Chinese Government
62
Disease
163
Mortality at Sea
168
MUTINIESGAMBLES FOR LIBERTY AND PLUNDER
174
Sailors and Mutineers
179
The Mutinies
185
CHINESE INDENTURED LABORERS IN LATIN AMERICA I
193
Chinese Laborers in Cuba
201
Chinese Laborers in the Andean Countries
221

Geographical Origin of Emigrants
66
Recruiting Techniques
71
Recruiting Female Emigrants
82
THE PORTS OF DEPARTURE
92
The Port of Amoy
93
Swatow and Namoa
98
The Port of Hong Kong
102
Canton and Whampoa
107
Shanghai Wusung and Ningpo
111
The Port of Macau
115
THE VOYAGE TO THE NEW WORLD
129
Immigration to Southeast Asia
130
Immigration Expands Westward
135
Windfall Profits
140
Ocean Routes
150
Outfitting a Coolie Ship
153
Embarkation
157
Discipline on Board
159
CHINESE INDENTURED LABORERS IN LATIN AMERICA II
245
Chinese Indentured Laborers in Brazil
262
Chinese Indentured Laborers in Other Latin American Countries
270
WORLD OPINION AND THE TERMINATION OF THE COOLIE TRADE
274
The Attitude of Western Governments
278
A Series of Atrocities
286
The Final Resolution
289
THE COOLIE TRADE AN ASSESSMENT
295
Legislation of the Governments of Spain and Cuba Pertaining to Chinese Immigration
301
Convention to Regulate the Engagement of Chinese Emigrants by British and French Subjects
335
American Actions Against the Coolie Trade
343
Convention and Treaty between the Republic of Peru and the Emperor of China
348
Samples of Contracts of Indenture
356
Tables 2549
371
BIBLIOGRAPHY
407
INDEX
481
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