Ancient Synagogues: Historical Analysis and Archaeological Discovery

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Dan Urman, Paul Virgil McCracken Flesher
BRILL, Jan 1, 1998 - Religion - 677 pages
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The origins of the synagogue remain shrouded in mystery and its development in its early centuries is only slightly better understood. This book brings together over twenty essays from Israeli, British, and American scholars to explore the development of the ancient synagogue. Combining original articles with the best of earlier studies including nine articles here translated from the Hebrew for the first time this collection presents the fullest critical picture of the early synagogue and the scholarly discussions concerning it. The book focuses on two central questions. First, what were the origins of the earliest synagogues, and where did they achieve the greatest growth in the early centuries? Second, what role did the early synagogue play within the Jewish community?
  

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Contents

Egypt and the Rise of the Synagogue
3
A Reassessment
17
A Review of the Evidence
27
Babylonian Synagogues with Historical Associations
40
H THE DEVELOPMENT OF ANCIENT SYNAGOGUES
51
On the Source of the Architectural Design of the Ancient
70
Dating Synagogues with a Basilical Plan and an Apse
87
Archaeological and Epigraphic
95
23 Qisrin
463
24 Seleucia
481
25 Kh Qusbiyye
484
26 Asaliyye
485
27 Kh erRafid
489
28 Jaraba
491
29 Kh Zumaimira
493
30 etTaiyiba
494

Architectural Plans of Synagogues in the Southern
129
The Synagogue of Horvat Sumaqa 19831993
157
Ancient Synagogues in the Eastern Lower Galilee
166
Early Photographs of Galilean Synagogues
174
THE SYNAGOGUES NATURE AND THEJEWISH COMMUNITY
181
Synagogues as Houses of Prayer and Holy Places in
205
Synagogues in Babylonia in the Talmudic Period
221
The Synagogue and Study House at Meroth
256
The Synagogue and the miqweh in EretzIsrael in
289
Art of the Ancient Synagogues in Israel
301
Temple Space in Ancient Synagogues
319
David Orpheus and Messianism
346
The Mosaic Workshop of Gaza in Christian Antiquity
367
A Ovadiah
369
PUBLIC STRUCTURES AND JEWISH COMMUNITIES IN THE GOLAN HEIGHTS
373
Preface
375
Jews in the GolanHistorical Background
379
Map of Jewish Communities in the Golan
387
The Upper Golan
389
2 Sogane
391
3 Bab elHawa
392
4 Quneitra
394
5Surman
398
6 KafrNafakh
404
7 elBreikah
409
8 Solyma
410
10 Farj
413
11 Rafid
416
12 Butmiyye
419
The Lower Golan
423
14Dabura
427
15 Horvah East of the Benot Yaaqov Bridge
434
16 Ghadriyye
435
17 Bin Nashot
441
18 Dabiyye
447
19 Sanaber
452
20 Fakhura
453
21 Ahmadiyye
455
22 edDura
461
31 Yahudiyye
496
32 Horvat Zawitan
499
33 esSalabe
500
34 Wakhshara
502
35 Kh edDikkeh
503
36 Dardara
510
37 Batra
511
38 Gamala
513
39 Kh Daliyye
518
40 Bethsaida
519
41 elHuseiniyye
528
42 Kh Khawkha
530
43 Zeita
533
44 Mazraat Kanaf
534
45 Deir Aziz
541
46 Lawiyye
545
47 Umm elQanatir
546
48 Kfar Aqabyah
551
The District of Susita
555
50 khisfin
556
51 elKursT
561
52 Nab
564
53 AwanTsh
566
54 Squfiyye
567
55elAl
569
56 Tell haYeur
574
57SQsTta
575
58 Fiq
578
59 Kafr Harib
585
60 KfarSemah
588
61 elUyun
589
62Dembar
591
63 Bin Harrah
594
65 Hammat Gader
595
Typology and Chronology
607
Abbreviations and Bibliography
619
General Index
653
List of Plates
671
Copyright

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About the author (1998)

Dan Urman, Ph.D. (1979) New York University, is Senior Lecturer at Ben-Gurion University. He has directed numerous surveys and excavations in Israel, and has published books on the Golan and the Shephelah in the Roman and Byzantine periods.Paul V.M. Flesher, Ph.D. (1988) Brown University, directs Religious Studies at the University of Wyoming. He has published on synagogues, targums, and early Rabbinic Judaism.

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