Standard Languages and Multilingualism in European History

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Matthias Hüning, Ulrike Vogl, Olivier Moliner
John Benjamins Publishing, 2012 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 339 pages
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This volume explores the roots of Europe's struggle with multilingualism. It argues that, over the centuries, the pursuit of linguistic homogeneity has become a central aspect of the mindset of Europeans. In its extreme form, it became manifest in the principle of 'one language, one state, one people'. Consequently, multilingualism came to be viewed as an undesirable aberration. The authors of this volume approach the relationship between standard languages and multilingualism from a historical, cross-European perspective. They provide a comprehensive overview of the emergence of a standard language ideology and its intricate relationship with matters of ethnicity, territorial unity and social mobility. They explain for different European language areas in what ways the emergence of standard languages had an impact on multilingual policies and practices. Its comparative approach makes this volume an important resource for linguists, researchers from different philologies and social historians.
  

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Contents

Multilingualism in a standard language culture
1
I Theoretical considerations and historical background
43
Ways of imagining and managing language and languages
45
Marching forward into the past
71
Language and ethnicity in a European context
97
II Casestudies
125
Multilingual speakers in a monolingual society
127
Multilingualism and standardization in Greece
153
Centripetal and centrifugal forces in the sociolinguistic configuration of the Iberian Peninsula
231
Facing multilingualism in a context of regional monolingualism
259
Scenarios of ethnic conflict and trajectories of standardization
283
Multilingualism and the disputed standardizations of Macedonian and Moldovan
309
Name index
329
Language index
331
Index of geographical names
333
Subject index
335

The development of Finnish into a national language
179
Traces of monolingual and plurilingual ideologies in the history of language policies in France
205

Common terms and phrases

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