Making Things Happen: A Theory of Causal Explanation
In Making Things Happen, James Woodward develops a new and ambitious comprehensive theory of causation and explanation that draws on literature from a variety of disciplines and which applies to a wide variety of claims in science and everyday life. His theory is a manipulationist account, proposing that causal and explanatory relationships are relationships that are potentially exploitable for purposes of manipulation and control. This account has its roots in the commonsense idea that causes are means for bringing about effects; but it also draws on a long tradition of work in experimental design, econometrics, and statistics.
Woodward shows how these ideas may be generalized to other areas of science from the social scientific and biomedical contexts for which they were originally designed. He also provides philosophical foundations for the manipulationist approach, drawing out its implications, comparing it with alternative approaches, and defending it from common criticisms. In doing so, he shows how the manipulationist account both illuminates important features of successful causal explanation in the natural and social sciences, and avoids the counterexamples and difficulties that infect alternative approaches, from the deductive-nomological model onwards.
Making Things Happen will interest philosophers working in the philosophy of science, the philosophy of social science, and metaphysics, and as well as anyone interested in causation, explanation, and scientific methodology.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Introduction and Preview
Causation and Manipulation
Interventions Agency and Counterfactuals
Causal Explanation Background and Criticism
A Counterfactual Theory of Causal Explanation
Causal Interpretation in Structural Models
account of explanation appeal argument associated assume assumptions background behavior capture causal claims causal explanation Causal Markov condition causal processes causal relationships causal structure ceteris paribus change the value chapter characterization connection consider contrast contributing cause correlation Coulomb's law counterfactual dependence criteria derivation described direct cause directed graph discussion distinct DN model effect equations example exceptionless experiment explanandum explanans explanatory import fact figure follows gravitational happen hence hold idea ideal gas law illustration independent interpretation interventions that change inverse square law involving judgments Kitcher law of nature least Lewis's lung cancer manipulability theory manipulationist account Maxwell's equations means mechanism modular nomic nomothetic noncausal Nonetheless occur outcome paresis particular pattern philosophers physical plausible possible question range of interventions relevant represent require role sense short circuit singular-causal claims sort strategy Suppose syphilis true underlying variables vention Wesley Salmon
All Book Search results »