Negotiating Cultures: Bilingual Surrender Treaties on the Crusader-Muslim Frontier Under James the the Conqueror
James I "the Conqueror," king of Arago-Catalonia, conquered Mediterranean Spain from Islam during fifty crusading years (1225-1276). From his many surrender treaties, only two survive in their interlinear bilingual originals, both presented here. Each reflects the fragmentation of post-Almohad Islam, the warrior heroes of Islam carving recalcitrant principalities out of the confusion, the hard-fought local negotiations and the confrontation between two radically opposed mentalities. The full meaning of these battered and deteriorated bits of parchment emerges only from minute reconstruction of the Arabic and Latinate texts and especially from ever-widening circles of changing contexts in each world, an historical kaleidoscope. Many surprises here await students of medieval Europe, the Islamic West, Spain, the Crusades, diplomacy, Mudejars/Moriscos, and cultural conflict and interchange.
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The AlAzraq Treaty
The AlAzraq Treaty
The Tightening Noose A Sequence of Sieges
Expulsion 1248 Removal 1252
The Treaty of 1244 Rediscovered
Latin Text Witnesses Reconstruction
Abd Allah Abu Bakr Abu Zayd agreement Ahmad al-Andalus al-Azraq Alarcon and Garcia Alcala Alcira Alfonso Almirra Almohad Arabic Arabic text Aragonese archives army Barcelo Barcelona Biar Burns Castilian castle Catalan chancery charter Chevedden conquest context crown crusade defenses Denia Desclot document Eximeno feyts Granada hisn historians Ibid Ibn al-Abbar Ibn Hud Ibn Isa Ibn Khaldun ISBN 90 Islamic Spain Itinerari James the Conqueror Jativa treaty Jaume Jews King James King James's king's Kingdom of Valencia KingJames knights Koran Latin text Llibre delsfeyts lord Mamluk medieval Mediterranean Mikel de Epalza military Miret Montesa Mudejar Muhammad Murcia Muslim musulmanes negotiations oath Occitania pact Pierre Guichard Prince protection provision qa'id qabalah realms of ARAGON region regne revenues revolt Romance ruler Saracens scribe Sharq al-Andalus siege of Jativa surrender treaty surviving thirteenth century tion town translation truce Valencia city vols wall witness Zayyan
The Book of Deeds of James I of Aragon: A Translation of the Medieval ...
James I (King of Aragon)
No preview available - 2003
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