Negotiating Cultures: Bilingual Surrender Treaties on the Crusader-Muslim Frontier Under James the the Conqueror

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BRILL, 1999 - History - 279 pages
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James I "the Conqueror," king of Arago-Catalonia, conquered Mediterranean Spain from Islam during fifty crusading years (1225-1276). From his many surrender treaties, only two survive in their interlinear bilingual originals, both presented here. Each reflects the fragmentation of post-Almohad Islam, the warrior heroes of Islam carving recalcitrant principalities out of the confusion, the hard-fought local negotiations and the confrontation between two radically opposed mentalities. The full meaning of these battered and deteriorated bits of parchment emerges only from minute reconstruction of the Arabic and Latinate texts and especially from ever-widening circles of changing contexts in each world, an historical kaleidoscope. Many surprises here await students of medieval Europe, the Islamic West, Spain, the Crusades, diplomacy, Mudejars/Moriscos, and cultural conflict and interchange.
  

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MAdrona cortes, Játiva al azraq

Contents

PART
1
The AlAzraq Treaty
15
The AlAzraq Treaty
39
PART
61
The Tightening Noose A Sequence of Sieges
79
Expulsion 1248 Removal 1252
106
The Treaty of 1244 Rediscovered
123
Latin Text Witnesses Reconstruction
143
The 1244 Treaty Arabic Text and Analysis
158
PART THREE
193
Crusader Perspective Islamic Perspective
213
The Treaty of Tudmir
231
Bibliography
243
Index
263
Copyright

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About the author (1999)

Robert I. Burns, S.J., Ph.D. (1958, Johns Hopkins), Doc. Es. Sc.Hist. (1961, Fribourg), is a Senior History Professor at the University of California (UCLA) and author of ten books on medieval Spain, including currently "Jews in the Notarial Culture" ("Berkeley, University of California Press," 1996). Paul E. Chevedden, Ph.D. (1986, UCLA) is Professor of History at the Virginia Military Institute and specializes in premodern siege tactics and fortifications. Hee has edited and contributed to "Iberia and the Mediterranean World of the Middle Ages: Essays in Honor of Robert I. Burns, S.J., vol. 2" (Brill, 1996) and has published studies on pre-modern artillery and defensive planning as well as on Arabic epigraphy. "Mikel de Epalza," Ph.D., has held teaching posts in Spanish, French, and Arabic universities and is currently professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies at the University of Alicante. A prolific author, he edits the journal "Sharq al-Andalus."

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