Technological Development in Industry: A Business-economic Survey and Analysis
This book surveys & analyses key aspects of the technological development process in manufacturing firms & industries. It covers the genesis of technical-product inventions & innovations; the impact of new technologies on jobs, firms, & industries; & major business-economic & other factors facilitating & hampering change. The findings of published research on the subject are reviewed; & detailed case studies presented of the introduction & utilization of new technologies in a wide range of firms in engineering, construction, food & drugs, textiles, petrochemicals, & other industries. Contents: 1. TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT IN INDUSTRY: AN OVERVIEW Introduction* The sources of technological innovation* The impact of technology on industrial organization* Technology, society, & economic development* Technology & the growth & performance of manufacturing enterprises* The twenty-five firm survey* 2. THE ECONOMICS OF TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTIntroduction: economic theories of innovation* The significance of market & firm size* Other economic influences on technological development & business growth* Economic aspects of business growth, performance, & technological development in engineering* The economic costs & benefits of new technologies* The twenty-five firm survey* 3. TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT & ORGANIZATION (1): GENERALThe impact of technology on the organization of industrial firms* The impact of organization on industrial technological development* Organization & the general growth & performance of firms* "Lean" manufacturing: the Toyota production model* The twenty-five firm survey* 4. TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT & ORGANIZATION (2): CHANGE MANAGEMENT, JOB SATISFACTION, & PRODUCTIVITY Theories & research: an overview* The twenty-five firm survey* Engineering* Textiles* Chemicals & petroleum* Ocean tankers* Civil engineering & construction* 5. TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT & ORGANIZATION (3): TWENTY-FIVE COMPANY CASE STUDIESIn-depth analyses of firms in the engineering, civil engineering & construction, textiles, food & drugs, chemicals, & petroleum industries* 6. TRADE UNIONS & TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTIntroduction* Trade unions & new technologies in the engineering, textiles, petrochemicals, & civil engineering & construction industries* 7. THE POLITICAL & LEGAL ENVIRONMENT Introduction* Current concerns* Government impacts on the engineering, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, & textile industries* 8. EDUCATION, TRAINING, & TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT Introduction & overview* Attempts to encourage more school leavers & college graduates into manufacturing* Education, training, & technological development in the twenty-five firm survey* The cases of engineering, textiles, & chemicals* 9. TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT, THE LABOUR MARKET, & EMPLOYMENT Technological labour supplies & supply shortages* Salaries & other benefits in attracting, motivating, & retaining employees* The twenty-five firm survey* 10. FINANCE & INVESTMENT IN NEW TECHNOLOGYIntroduction: the contribution of investment to technological development* Investment in new technology in Britain* Banks, venture capitalists, & the stock market as sources of finance for new technology*
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