The Other Insect Societies

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Harvard University Press, 2006 - Nature - 767 pages
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Asked to name an insect society, most of us--whether casual or professional students of nature--quickly point to one of the so-called eusocial marvels: the ant colony, the beehive, the termite mound, the wasp nest. Each is awe-inspiring in its division of labor--collective defense, foraging, and nestbuilding. Yet E. O. Wilson cautioned back in 1971 that sociality should be defined more broadly, "in order to prevent the arbitrary exclusion of many interesting phenomena." Thirty-five years later, James T. Costa gives those interesting phenomena their due. He argues that, in trying to solve the puzzle of how highly eusocial behaviors evolved in a few insect orders, evolutionary biologists have neglected the more diverse social arrangements in the remaining twenty-eight orders--insect societies that don't fit the eusocial schema. Costa synthesizes here for the first time the scattered literature about social phenomena across the arthropod phylum: beetles and bugs, caterpillars and cockroaches, mantids and membracids, sawflies and spiders. This wide-ranging tour takes a rich narrative approach that interweaves theory and data analysis with the behavior and ecology of these remarkable groups. This comprehensive treatment is likely to inspire a new generation of naturalists to take a closer look.

  

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Contents

Whats in a Name?
1
Lessons from the Other Insect Societies
16
ORTHOPTEROIDEA
47
Earwig Mothers
49
Hopper Herds and Cricket Families
81
The Webspinners
114
Mantids and Walkingsticks
135
Cockroaches That Care
147
Communes and Family Fortresses
364
NEUROPTEROIDEA
399
Beetle Societies I Dung Rove and Carrion Beetles and Their Allies
401
Beetle Societies II Bark and Ambrosia Beetles and Other Weevils
447
Beetle Societies III Leaf Fungus Carrion Darkling and Whirligig Beetles and Their Allies
483
Social Caterpillars I Moths
523
Social Caterpillars II More Moths
576
Symphyta Sawfly Societies
631

Barklice and Angel Insects
193
HEMIPTEROIDEA 273
213
Sternorrhyncha Aphidoidea Samurai Aphids
215
Auchenorrhyncha Treehopper Herds
245
Heteroptera I Terrestrial Bugs
280
Heteroptera II Aquatic Bugs
336
Arachnids Centipedes Millipedes
667
Sociality in an Appalachian Spring 777
717
Acknowledgments
725
Subject Index
743
Author Index
755
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

Edward O. Wilsonis Pellegrino University Professor, Emeritus, atHarvard University. In addition to two Pulitzer Prizes (one of which he shares with Bert Hölldobler), Wilson has won many scientific awards, including the National Medal of Science and the Crafoord Prize of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

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