The Temporal Structure of Estonian Runic Songs
The Kalevala, or runic, songs is a tradition at least a few thousand years old. It was shared by Finns, Estonians and other speakers of smaller Baltic-Finnic languages inhabiting the eastern side of the Baltic Sea in North-Eastern Europe. This book offers a combined perspective of a musicologist and a linguist to the structure of the runic songs. Archival recordings of the songs originating mostly from the first half of the 20th century were used as source material for this study. The results reveal a complex interaction between three different processes participating in singing: speech prosody, metre, and musical rhythm.
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Distribution of runic songs in time and space
The textual component in runic songs
Some peculiarities in the geographical distribution
Collections and publications of Estonian
Syllabic quantity and the quantity of prosodic feet
Prescriptive and descriptive notation
Modelling of syllable durations in the runic songs
Material and methods
Changes in the temporal realization of wordinitial
Realization of prosodic structure in recitation and laments
acoustic armas average durations broken lines consisting Dear Dear Dear Dear Dear dear Michael Dear mother dear sister diphthongs disyllabic sequence durational contrast Estonian Folklore Archives Estonian language Estonian runic songs Estonian words Finnish folk music fundamental frequency geminate ictus and off-ictus ictus position isochronic Izhorians Kalevala Kalevala metre Karksi kuku maamakono kul'la lable language Laugaste lexical stress long and overlong long syllable long-short melody metre metric feet metrical stress metrical structure msec notation notes off-ictus positions overlong quantity phonemes phonological phonological phrase plosive consonants prosodic foot prosodic system Q2 and Q3 quantity oppositions quantity rules recordings repeated Ross and Lehiste runic songs S1/S2 ratios second syllable secondary stress segmental Setumaa short quantity short syllables short vowel siia singer singing sound event South Estonia speech sung syllable durations syllable/notes Table texts tion tonal tonian trisyllabic words trochaic trochaic metre tsitsikene unstressed Vaike Sarv vasta vowel word-initial syllables