A Critical Analysis of the Historical and Conceptual Evolution of Psychopathy
ProQuest, 2008 - 187 pages
In psychology and related fields, the concept of psychopathy is roughly two hundred years old, yet there have been very few attempts to understand its history. Through a critical examination of logical positivism, the dominant epistemology of contemporary psychology, the author argues that the widespread inattention and disavowal of psychopathy's history may be a byproduct of positivist method and worldview. The author stresses the importance of understanding the relationship between psychopathy, history, and culture. He recommends a hermeneutic epistemology to address this subject matter and begins his work by building a framework to build upon in the future. This framework is a description of nearly all the most important concepts of psychopathy over the past two hundred years. Beyond the improvement of contextualizing this subject within the realm of epistemology, this work is also the first to synthesize other incomplete or discrepant accounts of psychopathy's history, and provides a more in depth analysis of contributions from Hervey Cleckley, Reid Meloy, and Robert Hare.
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alienist American Psychiatric Association antisocial behavior antisocial personality disorder Arrigo & Shipley assessment Bicetre borderline level cited in Meloy Cleckley Cleckley's concept of psychopathy conscious context criminal culture deception defect defensive defined definition of psychopathy delire described diagnosis dissociative dissociative identity disorder DSM-IV empathy etiology exist Falret features of psychopathy feelings grandiose self structure Hare Hare's history of psychopathy ideal ideas about psychopathy immoral impulse individuals inmates intellectual interpersonal interpretation intrapsychic introject Item Kernberg lack literature logical positivism logical positivist Mask of Sanity Maughs Meloy argued Meloy believes Meloy's mental Millon monomania moral insanity narcissistic paradigm patients PCL-R PCL-R scores persecutory personality organization Pichot Pinel predation predatory violence problems projective identification proposed psychic psychoanalytic psychological psychopathic inferiority Psychopathic Mind psychopathic personality psychopathic process Psychopathy Checklist psychosis psychotic reality testing relationship remorse scientific sexual simulation social sociopathy stranger selfobject superego theory of psychopathy unconscious validity victim