Urban Wind Energy
Energy security, rising energy prices (oil, gas, electricity), 'peak oil', environmental pollution, nuclear energy, climate change and sustainable living are hot topics across the globe. Meanwhile, abundant and perpetual wind resources offer opportunities, via recent technological developments, to provide part of the solution to address these key issues.The rapid growth of large-scale wind farm installations has now led to the generation of clean electricity for tens of millions of homes around the world. However, despite the potential to reduce the losses and costs associated with transmission and to use local wind acceleration techniques to improve energy yields, the potential for urban wind energy has yet to be realised. Although there is increasing public interest, the uptake of urban wind energy in suitable areas has been slow. This is in part due to a lack of understanding of key issues such as: available wind resources; technology integration; planning processes (include assessment of environmental impacts and public safety due to close proximity to people and property); energy consumption in buildings versus energy production from turbines; economics (including grants, subsidies, maintenance); and the effect of complex urban windscapes on performance.Urban Wind Energy attempts to illuminate these areas, addressing common concerns highlighting pitfalls, offering real world examples and providing a framework to assess viability in energy, environmental and economic terms. It is a comprehensive guide to urban wind energy for architects, engineers, planners, developers, investors, policy-makers, manufacturers and students as well as community organisations and home-owners interested in generating their own clean electricity.
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60 Sector accelerate winds aerodynamic aesthetic annual mean wind APPARENT WIND assessment axis wind turbines BDSP Partnership blade design blade diameter building building-integrated turbines building-integrated wind turbines built environment carbon cent Centre climate change coefficient of performance considered costs distribution economic Ecotricity electricity Enercon energy efficiency energy production energy yields environmental impacts example fašade factors flicker flow global grid HAWT hub height increase integrated turbines investment issues large turbines large-scale turbines lift force lower manufacturers mean wind speed models noise emissions option Passive House potential predicted produce rated Rayleigh distribution region renewable energy Renewable Obligation Certificates rotation safety Sector 30 Sector 90 Sector small wind sound power level stand-alone turbine sustainable swept area tip speed ratio tower turbine(s turbulence University of Stuttgart urban areas urban wind energy VAWTs wind direction wind energy development wind farms wind resources wind turbines