The Road to Redemption: The Jews of the Yemen, 1900-1950

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BRILL, Jan 1, 1996 - History - 299 pages
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Since the rise of Islam, Jews have been living in the Yemen as the only non-Muslim minority. Their status, never enviable, deteriorated in the twentieth century as the Imam Yahya sought to maintain the full force of Islamic law and local custom. The attempts to create a Jewish National Home in Palestine, Arab propaganda, new economic realities and local resentments had the effect of further undermining their position. While battling to maintain their rights, the Yemenite Jews started trying to emigrate. British immigration policies in Palestine, the Imam's efforts to prevent them from leaving, and British regulations in Aden often frustrated their efforts. This movement of people was to culminate in 1948-50 in what was then the largest human airlift the world had ever seen - Operation Magic Carpet - when the Yemenites were taken 'on wings of eagles' to Israel.
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
The Jews of the Yemen at the Beginning of
24
Immigration to Palestine 19001930
51
The Rule of the Imam
66
Law and Custom
85
The Jews in the Economy of the Yemen
110
The Aden Riots and Their Aftermath
165
ViaDolorosa
203
Redemption Camp
228
From Najran to Habban
246
Operation Colourblind
256
The Liquidation of the Exile
271
Postscript
286
Index
293
Copyright

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About the author (1996)

Tudor V. Parfitt M.A., D.Phil. (Oxon), is Reader in Modern Jewish Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. He has published widely on Hebrew language and literature, Judaising sects and Jews in the Islamic world, including "The Jews of Palestine 1800-1882" ("Royal Historical Society," 1987).

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