Medieval Merchants: York, Beverley and Hull in the Later Middle Ages
This book is based on some 1400 individuals who lived in three northern English towns during the later middle ages. It analyses the many aspects of merchant society visible to the historian: achievements in politics, attitudes towards religion, the family, wider circles of friends and business acquaintances, and the nature and conduct of trade at every level. Merchants were at the core of urban society, accumulating more wealth than most other townsfolk and developing a distinctive outlook and entrepreneurship in response to the opportunities and pressures of long-distance trade. They played a central role in the development of urban mentalité using political rhetoric to promote a corporatist view of urban society, while their spending on charity, on public works, and on religious observance shaped social attitudes.
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Merchants in government
families dependants and friends
Merchants and religion the evidence of wills
The geography and composition of trade
The practice of trade
Business and finance
Trade and competition
aldermen Beverley and Hull Black Death borough Brompton burgesses Bury St Edmunds Calais cargoes Celys cent chantry chants church civic common Coppendale Corpus Christi Corpus Christi Guild council customs death debts Durham Priory Ebor executors fifteenth century fourteenth century Gilyot Gisburn Hanham Hanse Henry House Book Hull merchants Hull RO Hull's Humberside Humberside RO ibid imported misc individual investment John Bolton John Brandesby Kelstern Kermode late fourteenth Late Medieval London Merchant Class M&MA married mayor Medieval Medieval English mercer merch Merchants of York oligarchy overseas trade parish political Prob records religious Richard Richard Russell Robert Collinson Robert Holme Roger Bushell Rolls royal sacks sheriff ship Staple survived testators Thomas three towns Thrupp tuns Tutbury urban VCH Hull VCHYork widow William wine wool trade York and Hull York left York merchants York RO Yorkshire merchants