## Knotted Surfaces and Their DiagramsIn this book the authors develop the theory of knotted surfaces in analogy with the classical case of knotted curves in 3-dimensional space. In the first chapter knotted surface diagrams are defined and exemplified; these are generic surfaces in 3-space with crossing information given. The diagrams are further enhanced to give alternative descriptions. A knotted surface can be described as a movie, as a kind of labelled planar graph, or as a sequence of words in which successive words are related by grammatical changes. In the second chapter the theory of Reidemeister moves is developed in the various contexts. The authors show how to unknot intricate examples using these moves. The third chapter reviews the braid theory of knotted surfaces. Examples of the Alexander isotopy are given, and the braid movie movies are presented. In the fourth chapter properites of the projections of knotted surfaces are studies. Oriented surfaces in 4-space are shown to have planar projections without cusps and without branch points. Signs of triple points are studied. Applications of triple-point smoothing that include proofs of triple-point formulas and a proof of Whitney's congruence on normal Euler classes are presented. |

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### Contents

Moving Knotted Surfaces | 41 |

Braid Theory in Dimension Four | 97 |

Combinatorics of Knotted Surface Diagrams | 131 |

The Fundamental Group and the Seifert Algorithm | 169 |

Algebraic Structures Related to Knotted Surface Diagrams | 203 |

243 | |

257 | |

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Moving Knots and Knotted Surfaces (researchindex)

For other topics in knotted surface theory that I am interested, see the book with J. Scott Carter "Knotted Surfaces and Their Diagrams" [4]. ...

citeseer.ist.psu.edu/ saito98moving.html

Zentralblatt MATH Database 1931 – 2008 0904.57010

Knotted surfaces and their diagrams. (English). Mathematical Surveys and Monographs. 55. Providence, RI: American Mathematical. Society (AMS). xi, 258 p. ...

zmath.impa.br/ cgi-bin/ zmen/ ZMATH/ en/ quick.html?first=1&

End-of-Year Publisher's Discount Sale, Volume 50, Number 10

Knotted Surfaces and Their Diagrams. J. Scott Carter, University of South Alabama,. Mobile, and Masahico Saito, University of South. Florida, Tampa ...

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Catálogo - Carter, J. Scott.

Knotted surfaces and their diagrams. J. Scott Carter, Masahico Saito. Providence, ri : American Mathematical Society, ©1998. xi, 258 págs. ...

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( ) ( ( ( ) ( + ) ( = , ) ( ) ( + ) ( = , ) ( ( + <a href="#79 **...**

x. 3. x. 1. R. 2. x. 1. R. ( ,. R. 1. x. 1. x. 2. ( , ). arxiv:math.GT/0306068 v2 12 Aug 2003. Cocycle Knot Invariants from Quandle Modules and Generalized ...

arxiv.org/ pdf/ math/ 0306068