Cemeteries of the Great War by Sir Edwin Lutyens
010 Publishers, 2010 - Architecture - 470 pages
"The British architect Sir Edwin Lutyens (1869-1944) designed 140 cemeteries in the countryside of Flanders and northern France for soldiers killed in the First World War. The cemeteries can be regarded as an imprint of the former battlefront on the map of Europe. All are designed according to principles established beforehand, based on the idea of a cathedral, church or chapel in the open air, and include uniform gravestones, a War Stone and a Cross of Sacrifice. Yet the difference in size, alignment and provenance make them all unique variations on the themes in question. The most memorable aspects are their meticulously chosen position in the landscape, the varied selection of trees and other greenery and the architecture of the entrance and shelter buildings. In an exhaustive landscape-architectural analysis, this opulently illustrated book charts the history of the designs and reveals the underlying principle of order and variation in the architecture. All 140 cemeteries are fully documented with references to the places where they are to be found"--P.  of cover.
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a b c d e f Anneux approval form architecture Armistice Arras Assistant architect Baker battlefield Blomfield borders brick British Cemetery Casualty Clearing Stations cathedral ceme Cemetery & Extension cemetery is surrounded cemetery lies cemetery was constructed central axis central path Chauny Communal Cemetery Extension corner Cross of Sacrifice Daours Dernancourt designed by Lutyens east side entrance building Esquelbecq Étaples Favreuil field with graves French front garden gatehouse gateway building George Goldsmith Gertrude Jekyll Goldsmith The cemetery greenery ground headstones hedge Holden Ieper iwgc Jekyll Kemmel landscape layout limes low wall Méaulte Military Cemetery monument Noyelles-sur-Mer pavilions pergola pillars placed plant beds plateau plot poplars principal architect Quéant roof rows of graves Sanctuary Wood Cemetery Serre Road Cemetery shelter situated slope small cemetery soldiers stairway steps stone bands surrounding the cemetery tery tetrapylons Thiepval trees triumphal arch Truelove Villers-Bretonneux visitor Wancourt War Stone white stone William Cowlishaw yews Zillebeke