Amiens 1918: The Black Day of the German Army
Osprey Publishing, 2008 - History - 96 pages
Through the spring of 1918 of World War I (1914-1918), Germany had been on the offensive on the Western Front but had failed to break the Allies at any point. In July they had been forced back from the river Marne and were once again on the defensive. The Allies were now ready to increase the pressure. The Amiens area was selected and preparations were made in great secrecy with diversionary activity at other points on the line. 32 divisions were involved (twelve French, eight British, five Australian, four Canadian and one American) supported by over 500 tanks and overwhelming airpower. The first day saw an Allied advance of 5 miles across a 12-mile front, with over 27,000 German casualties. Progress was then less spectacular but by the time the battle ended on August 11 Germany had lost 75,000 men, and suffered a severe blow to morale. Amiens was notable for its successful application of the new combined-arms tactics, fully integrating infantry, artillery, armor and airpower at the commencement of the Allies' final, war-winning offensive.
Published on the 90th anniversary of the battle, this book sets the strategic scene and clearly describes the fighting, highlighting the significance of the newly developed methods of war and detailing the troop movements that brought about the breakthrough and rapid advance that was achieved.
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ORIGINS OF THE CAMPAIGN
108th Division 126th Division 153rd Division 2nd Canadian Division 2nd Cavalry 32nd Division 37th Division 3rd Australian Brigade 3rd Canadian Division 4th Australian 4th Canadian Division 59th Reserve Infantry 5th Australian Division 8th Tank Battalion 9 August advance aircraft Allied assault Australian Corps Avre batteries battle of Amiens Bavarian Infantry Regiment Brigade attacks British Canadian Corps captured casualties Cavalry Brigade Cavalry Corps Cavalry Division Chasseurs a Pied Chipilly Spur command Company counterattack Debeney deployed Eighteenth Army Etinehem fighter Foch Fourth Army French First Army Fresnoy Gen.Lt Grenadier Gressaire Wood guns Haig halted III Corps IWM E(Aus IWM Q IX Corps Jastas launched left flank Lihons Monash moved forwards Operation Michael positions Queensland Rawlinson Reserve Infantry Regiment Rifles right flank Roman road Roye Second Army sector Somme South Australia South Wales squadrons Tank Battalion third objective troops Victoria whilst Whippet withdraw XXXI Corps