Bismarck, North Dakota
The late 19th and the 20th centuries brought tremendous changes to Bismarck, as it did to all of North Dakota. The 1880s through the 1910s saw much of the new state's population growth. In this time period, English, Irish, Scandinavian, German, and many other immigrant settlers joined the several Native American tribes that had been in the Bismarck area for centuries. Later arrivals of Germans from Russia resulted in even more diversity in the young city. Originally named Edwinton for Edwin F. Johnson of Vermont, who first suggested the building of a transcontinental railroad, Bismarck became the territorial, state, and county seats of government. With the governmental functions came related businesses and industries, as well as employment opportunities for Bismarck's citizens. Its location on the Missouri River and a main railway line meant that Bismarck was accessible from all directions, and many of today's landmarks and streets are named for those who arrived by water and rail.
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3rd Street 4th and 5th 4th Street Alexander McKenzie Alexius Avenue between 3rd Avenue between 4th basketball team Bismarck and Mandan Bismarck High School Bismarck State College Bismarck Tribune photo Boulevard Avenue Broadway Avenue built Burleigh County Camp Hancock Capitol Building Capitol grounds Church Clinic Company corner of 3rd corner of 4th Dakota Territory downtown Bismarck Federal Building Front Avenue George high school houses included J.P. Dunn John June Kirkwood Plaza Langemo left to right Liberty Memorial Building located Lounsberry Main Avenue Mary's Meigs now Broadway Memorial building Missouri River North Coast Limited North Dakota northeast corner Northwest Hotel NPRR depot operated Patterson Hotel photo shows railroad Ramstad renamed Rosser Avenue SHSND side of Main southeast steamboat Steve Fowler Street and Boulevard Street and Broadway Street and Main Street and Rosser Street and Thayer Thayer Avenue transportation unidentified Wachter Webb Brothers William