Empire Forestry and the Origins of Environmentalism

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Cambridge University Press, Oct 17, 2002 - History - 192 pages
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What we now know of as environmentalism began with the establishment of the first empire forest in 1855 in British India, and during the second half of the nineteenth century, over ten per cent of the land surface of the earth became protected as a public trust. Sprawling forest reservations, many of them larger than modern nations, became revenue-producing forests that protected the whole 'household of nature', and Rudyard Kipling and Theodore Roosevelt were among those who celebrated a new class of government foresters as public heroes. Imperial foresters warned of impending catastrophe, desertification and global climate change if the reverse process of deforestation continued. The empire forestry movement spread through India, Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and then the United States to other parts of the globe, and Gregory Barton's study looks at the origins of environmentalism in a global perspective.
  

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 The great interference
9
3 Empire forestry and British India
38
4 Environmental innovation in British India
62
5 Empire forestry and the colonies
94
6 Empire forestry and American environmentalism
130
7 From empire forestry to Common wealth forestry
144
Bibliography
167
Index
187
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About the author (2002)

Gregory A. Barton is Professor of British, Colonial and Environmental history at the University of Redlands, California.

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