The Lied: Mirror of Late Romanticism
The German lied, a song form that fuses music and poetry, provides a key to understanding musical and cultural history in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In the first comprehensive study of the late-romantic lied, Edward F. Kravitt shows how this popular genre mirrored far-reaching cultural changes of the period, when tensions in artistic politics pitted tradition against innovation, naturalism against universalism.
Kravitt surveys five major composers - Wolf, Mahler, Strauss, Pfitzner, and Reger - as well as the young Schoenberg and dozens of lesser-known figures, such as Engelbert Humperdinck and Joseph Haas. He examines the composers' changing attitudes toward musical and poetic structure, their reasons for turning to the lied, performance practices of the day, the cultural background of the various types of lieder (such as folksong, ballad, and kinderlieder) and melodrama, and the aesthetic principles underlying them.
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