This coherent text translates the methods of statisticians into "ecological English" so that students may readily apply these methods to the real world. Ecological Methodology, Second Edition provides a balance of material on animal and plant populations. It teaches students of ecology how to design the most efficient tests in order to obtain maximum precision with minimal work. The first part of the text focuses on biological and technical issues in statistical methodology. Students learn about advances that have been made in designing better sampling devices, along with the techniques and equipment used for sampling. The second part deals with creating solid statistical design, and presents all methods that are well-known to statisticians in a language and context that students will easily understand.
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abundance aerial analysis aphids Appendix assumptions bias calculations capture Caughley Chapter clumped coefficient of variation confidence interval confidence limits defined density estimate distance ecological ecologists END-OF-FILE equal catchability equation estimate of population estimate population example Figure finite population FORMAT 2X,'ENTER formula frequency distribution index of dispersion level of precision line transect mark-recapture marked animals Morisita nearest neighbor negative binomial distribution niche breadth niche overlap normal distribution null hypothesis Number of animals Number of individuals number of quadrats number of samples number of species observed obtained parameters Petersen plot Poisson distribution population density population estimate probability problem Program proportion quadrat counts random points random sampling ratio READ regression resource sample size sample sizes sampling unit Seber second sample sequential sampling simple random sampling spatial pattern standard error statistical statistical population stratum study area survival rate Table techniques Total number transformation unmarked variable variance voles