James Joseph Sylvester: Jewish Mathematician in a Victorian World
Here, in this first biographical study of James Joseph Sylvester, Karen Hunger Parshall makes a signal contribution to the history of mathematics, Victorian history, and the history of science.
A brilliant Cambridge student at first denied a degree because of his faith, Sylvester came twice to America to teach mathematics, ultimately becoming one of Daniel Coit Gilman's faculty recruits at Johns Hopkins in 1876 and winning the coveted Savilian Professorship of Geometry at Oxford in 1883. He held professorships of natural philosophy, worked as an actuary, was called to the bar, and taught mathematics to cadets training for engineering and artillery posts in the British Army. During his long, distinguished career he also edited England's Quarterly Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics and established the American Journal of Mathematics, the first sustained mathematics research journal in the United States.
Situating Sylvester's life within the political, religious, mathematical, and social currents of nineteenth-century England, Parshall penetrates the myth of this venerated figure, revealing how he lived, the choices he made and why, how the world in which he lived affected him—and how he affected that world. The story of Sylvester's life sheds light on the evolution of mathematical thought. It also examines the ways in which mathematics may be done and what factors may shape a mathematician's ideas. Parshall explores the development of academic professionalization, nineteenth-century mathematical culture, and the emergence of modern algebra as a mathematical discipline. She highlights the human side of what many view as that most arcane and otherworldly of intellectual endeavors, mathematics, which indeed answers to such diverse factors as religion, ego, and depression.
What people are saying - Write a review
Review: James Joseph Sylvester: Jewish Mathematician in a Victorian WorldUser Review - Boris - Goodreads
This is a professional biography written by a professional historian, not a writer. As such, it is a bit dry and sticks to the hard facts. The facts are very interesting though, the author describes ... Read full review
James Joseph Sylvester The Myth the Mathematician the Man
Born to the Faith in Which the Founder of Christianity Was Educated
The Josephs of Liverpool
The Abraham Joseph Family of London
The Royal Institution School Liverpool
A Price of Dissent
Cambridge Debates Dissent
Within the Walls of St Johns
The Uneasy Years
Victorian England and Educational Reform
Reform and the Royal Military Academy Woolwich
Taking on Huxley
The BAAS and Science Education
Poetry Soothes the Soul
Life after Woolwich
A TwoYear Hiatus
Back at St Johns
The 1837 Tripos
The Hollow Walls of Academe
An Unexpected Opportunity
Professor of Natural Philosophy at University College London
Looking beyond England
Professor of Mathematics at the University of Virginia
Struggling against an Adverse Tide of Affairs
Actuary by Day Mathematician by Night
An Emergent Professional Man
J J Sylvester Esq MA FRS Actuary and Secretary
The Institute of Actuaries
Mathematician or Actuary?
Establishing a Mathematical Routine
Into the InvariantTheoretic Unknown
Crafting the New Algebra
The Problem of Syzygies
From Actuary to Academic?
A New Beginning
The Royal Military Academy Woolwich
Professor of Mathematics Once More
A Roving Mathematical Eye
At War with the Military
New Possibilities on the Horizon?
Exploring Familiar Ground on Unfamiliar Territory
Thriving in the Graduate Classroom
Launching the American Journal of Mathematics
Sustaining the American Journal of Mathematics
Tackling New Challenges in a Home Away from Home
From Invariant Theory to the Theory of Numbers
From Number Theory to Universal Algebra
A Troubled Transition to the Theory of Partitions
Henry Smith Is Dead
A Bittersweet Victory
An Oxford in Transition
Between Two Worlds
A Rocky Year
Hopkins in Oxfordshire?
The Final Transition
Increasing Signs of Age
An International Competition
A Steady Decline
The Final Years
James Joseph Sylvester The Man and His Legacies
James Joseph Sylvester: Jewish mathematician in a Victorian world ...
James Joseph Sylvester: Jewish mathematician in a Victorian world, by Karen. Hunger Parshall, The Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore, 2006, xiv+461 pp., ...
www.ams.org/ bull/ 2007-44-03/ S0273-0979-07-01145-7/ S0273-0979-07-01145-7.pdf
SELECTED MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS MR2216541 (2007a:01013) Parshall ...
BULLETIN (New Series) OF THE. AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY. S 0273-0979(08)01218-4. Article electronically published on April 7, 2008 ...
www.mathaware.org/ bull/ 0000-000-00/ S0273-0979-08-01218-4/ S0273-0979-08-01218-4.ps
Johns Hopkins University Press | Books | James Joseph Sylvester
THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESS. home · about the press · books · journals · project muse® · online references · hfs · friends of the press ·...
www.press.jhu.edu/ books/ title_pages/ 8946.html
SIAM: A Brain on Fire: James Joseph Sylvester
James Joseph Sylvester: Jewish Mathematician in a Victorian World. By Karen Hunger Parshall, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 2006, 461 pages, ...
www.siam.org/ news/ news.php?id=1009
James Joseph Sylvester: Jewish Mathematician in a Victorian World by Karen Hunger Parshall, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006, pp 544, £46.50, ...
www.lms.ac.uk/ newsletter/ 354/ 354_07.html
American Scientist Online - The Secret History of Mathematicians
James Joseph Sylvester: Jewish Mathematician in a Victorian World. xvi + 461 pp. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006. $69.96. ...
www.americanscientist.org/ template/ AssetDetail/ assetid/ 54053
Functions of Matrices: From Cayley and Sylvester to MATLAB
Functions of Matrices:. From Cayley and Sylvester to MATLAB. Nick Higham · School of Mathematics · The University of Manchester · firstname.lastname@example.org ...
www.maths.manchester.ac.uk/ ~higham/ talks/ roysoc07.pdf
Short Book Reviews On-Line 2006
JAMES JOSEPH SYLVESTER, JEWISH MATHEMATICIAN IN A VICTORIAN WORLD. kh Parshall. GENERATING FUNCTIONOLOGY, 3rd edition. hs Wilf. ...
isi.cbs.nl/ sbr/ sbrRev2006.htm