Identity and Territorial Autonomy in Plural Societies
Focusing on approaches to autonomy in countries whose societies are marked by ethnic diversity, this study examines the effects of territorial solutions to the safeguarding of cultural identities. Studying the problem from a cross-national and analytical perspective, the contributors distinguish among the types of autonomy and their impact on pluralism, democracy and the unity of the state. Post-Franco Spain, in the process of continuing democritization, has become important as a laboratory of institutional accomodation of ethnic and regional identities, and the second section concentrates on that country's attempts to steer a middle course between federalism and forms of decentralization. The study contains case studies dealing with questions of nationalism, autonomy and identity in Kosovo, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, British Columbia and Africa.
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Introduction William Safran
Democracy Federalism and Nationalism
Autonomist Regionalism within the Spanish
The Political Demands of Isolated Indian Bands
Why Territorial Autonomy Is Not a Viable Option
The Donald Rothchild
administrative Africa Albanians areas autonomous communities Balkan band Basque country Basque nationalism British Columbia Canadian Cantabria Catalan Catalan nationalism Catalonia cent central centre century citizens civil claims coalition collective identity competition consolidation constitution context created cultural decentralization defined democracy democratic Dragnich economic elections electoral elites empire Ethnic Conflict ethnic group ethnic identity ethnic minority ethnopolitical groups ethnoterritorial European Euskadi evolution existence factors federalism functional autonomy Galicia Galician nationalism global historical ideological independence Indian institutions interests Kosovo language liberal Llera Madrid majority mobilization modern multiethnic multinational Muslim nacionalismo nation-state national identity nationalist negotiated organization Ottoman Pakistan parties perspective pluralism policies polyarchies population problems provinces question regimes regional identities regionalist result role secession self-determination self-government Serbian Serbs settlement significant social society sovereignty Spain Spanish Spanish nationalism Sri Lanka stability structure sub-state Tamil territorial autonomy traditional Union unit demarcation University Press