Manufacturing Time: Global Competition in the Watch Industry, 1795-2000
Since the large-scale manufacture of personal timepieces began, industry leadership has shifted among widely disparate locations, production systems, and cultures. This book recounts the story of the quest for supremacy in the manufacture of watches--from the cottage industries of Britain; to the preeminence of Switzerland and, later, the United States; to the high-tech plants of Japan and the sweatshops of Hong Kong. Glasmeier examines both the strategies adopted by specific firms and the interplay of such varying influences as technological change, cyclical economic downturns, war, and national trade policies. In so doing, she delineates a cohesive framework within which to address such broader questions as how sustained regional economic development takes place (or starts and then stops); how decisions made by corporations are structured by internal and external forces; and the ways industrial cultures with different strategic learning capabilities facilitate or thwart the pursuit of technological change.
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From Keeping Time to Keeping Pace
The Need for and Constraints on Change
The Organizational Development
The Burden of Being First
The Long Road Downhill
Switzerland and the United States
Mechanization and Toolmaking
Costs of Redirection
The U S Industry after the Turn of the Century
The Statut de 1Horlogerie and the Codification
The U S Watch Industry
Bulova from the 1950s to the 1980s
Can One Man Save an Industry?
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