The Correspondence of Michael Faraday, Volume 4: 1849-1855

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IET, Jan 1, 1999 - Biography & Autobiography - 1072 pages
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All letters which have been located have been included in chronological order of writing. The term 'letter' has been broadly construed to include not only extracts from letters, but also reports on various matters which Faraday submitted to institutions or individuals. The letters are extensive covering Faraday's work in science; his work on electro-magnetic induction; the laws of electrolysis and the theory of electro-magnetism and various publications on experimental researchers in electricity. There are some administrative papers of the Royal Institution of Great Britain. The correspondence covers his work for the Admiralty and the Corporation of Trinity House whilst acting as Scientific Adviser; and also his general communication with people and other organisations, but only those which had a direct effect on Faraday's career or life are included. Letters between members of Faraday's family are included as a matter of course.
  

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Contents

Plates
ix
To Jozefa Hermaszewska Babcia for being such a source of support
xii
Note on Sources
xxv
Biographical Register
li
The Correspondence
1
Emil Heinrich du BoisReymond
78
Harriet Jane Moore
101
Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt
172
Prince Albert
341
Faraday in his laboratory by Harriet Jane Moore 1852
356
Faraday by George Richmond 1852
373
Dominique Francois Jean Arago
576
Macedonio Melloni
597
Faraday giving his card to Father Thames
883
Previous Publication of Letters
909
Index
947

LambertAdolpheJacques Quetelet by JeanBaptiste Madou
182
Faraday by Thomas Herbert Maguire
307

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

About the author (1999)

Michael Faraday, a British physicist and chemist, was one of the greatest experimentalists of the nineteenth century. The son of a blacksmith, Faraday received a minimal education, which did not include much training in mathematics. Nevertheless, in 1812 his innate intelligence attracted the attention of Sir Humphry Davy at the Royal Institution. Davy hired Faraday as a laboratory assistant in the institution; Faraday remained until his retirement in 1862. Here, he made his contributions to the study of electricity by formulating the laws of electrolysis in 1834. Faraday also discovered that the circular lines of magnetic force produced by the flow of current through a wire deflect a nearby compass needle. By demonstrating this conversion of electrical energy into motive force, Faraday identified the basic principles governing the application of the electric motor. Simultaneously with Joseph Henry, Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction and then successfully built the first electric generator based on a suggestion from Scottish mathematician and physicist Lord William Thomson Kelvin. After a series of experiments using polarized light, Faraday proposed an electromagnetic theory of light. This theory was later developed by James Clerk Maxwell and was fundamental to the later development of physics. Faraday was widely known as a popularizer of science, regularly lecturing to lay audiences from 1825 to 1862. Faraday was an extremely modest person. For example, he declined honors bestowed in recognition of his accomplishments, such as a knighthood and the presidency of the Royal Society.