The Chinese Neolithic: Trajectories to Early States
Cambridge University Press, 2004 - 310 pages
The Yellow River valley of China, during the period ca. 7000-1500, saw the transformation of egalitarian societies into stratified chiefdoms giving rise to early states. This book examines that transformation, emphasizing the interplay of many factors affecting these processes, such as climatic fluctuation, population movements, inter-group competition, warfare, and long-distance exchange of valuables.
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1 Setting the scene
2 The changing environmental contexts of Chinas first complex societies
3 Household subsistence and ritual
4 Spatial organization and social relations in communities
5 Community burial patterns
6 Development and decline of complex societies in the Central Plains
7 Development and decline of social complexity beyond the Central Plains
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Appendix archaeological artifacts Banpo bones bronze cemetery central Henan Central Plains central Shaanxi ceramic changes chapter chiefdoms China Chinese cluster Dawenkou culture dynasty early Longshan elite enclosure environmental Erlitou culture excavated faunal feasting Figure Gansu groups Henan Henan Institute household indicated Institute of Archaeology jade Jiahu Jiangsu Jiangzhai Kangjia large number late Longshan period late Neolithic late Yangshao Linyi located Longshan culture Longshan sites major center male mortuary National Bureau 1991 Neolithic period number of grave Peiligang Peiligang culture phase pits political population pottery Qujialing culture residential ritual Rizhao settlement hierarchy settlement patterns settlement system Shaanxi Shandong Shang skeletons social complexity social organization southern Shanxi stone tools suggesting Taosi tombs Tool types vessels Wang Wang Qing Wangchenggang Wei River Wei River valley western Henan Xinzhai Yangshao culture Yangshao period Yellow River Yellow River valley Yiluo Yuchisi Yueshi Zhengzhou