Indigenous Peoples And Demography: The Complex Relation between Identity and Statistics

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Per Axelsson, Peter SkA¶ld
Berghahn Books, Aug 1, 2011 - Social Science - 354 pages
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When researchers want to study indigenous populations they are dependent upon the highly variable way in which states or territories enumerate, categorise and differentiate indigenous people. In this volume, anthropologists, historians, demographers and sociologists have come together for the first time to examine the historical and contemporary construct of indigenous people in a number of fascinating geographical contexts around the world, including Canada, the United States, Colombia, Russia, Scandinavia, the Balkans and Australia. Using historical and demographical evidence, the contributors explore the creation and validity of categories for enumerating indigenous populations, the use and misuse of ethnic markers, micro-demographic investigations, and demographic databases, and thereby show how the situation varies substantially between countries.

  

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Contents

Introduction
1
Fractional Identities The Political Arithmetic of Aboriginal Victorians
15
Building Ethnic Boundaries in New Zealand Representations of Maori Identity in the Census
33
Counting Indians Census Categories in Late Colonial and Early Republican Spanish America
55
The Construction of Life Tables for the American Indian Population at the Turn of the Twentieth Century
73
The Aboriginal Population and the 1891 Census of Canada
95
In the National Registry All People Are Equal Sami in Swedish Statistical Sources
117
The Registers of the Sami Tax from 1600 to 1750 and Their Usefulness for Reconstructing Population Development and Settlement in Northern Nor...
135
Out of the Backwater? Prospects for Contemporary Sami Demography in Norway
185
The Mystery of the Magnate Reindeer Herders Household Structure and Economy among Lake Essei Iakuts 19267
197
Microdemographics and Indigenous Identity in the Central Taimyr Lowlands
219
Russian Legal Concepts and the Demography of Indigenous Peoples
239
Indigenous Populations Ethnicity and Demography in the Eastern Baltic Littoral in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
253
Who Are the British?
273
From Indigenous Demographics to an Indigenous Demography
295
Notes on Contributors
309

Viewing Ethnicity from the Perspective of Individuals and Households Finnmark during the Late Nineteenth Century
149
Finn in Flux Finn as a Category in Norwegian Population Censuses of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
163
Testing and Constructing Ethnicity Variables in Late NineteenthCentury Censuses
173

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About the author (2011)

Per Axelsson is a Senior Researcher of the Centre for Sami Research at UmeA¥ University, Sweden and a Wallenberg Academy Fellow. His current research focus on a longitudinal study of colonization, state and the health of Indigenous Peoples in Sweden, Australia and New Zealand, 1850-2000. Recent publications include Global Environmental Change, Global Health Action and Dynamis. He co-chairs the network of Family/Demography within the European Social Science History Association.

Peter SkA¶ld is Professor of History at UmeA¥ University and Director of Arctic Research Centre. His present research focuses on sustainable development and he leads a collaborative project with the University of Botswana. RecentA publications focus on health issues, vulnerability and fertility among indigenous peoples (International Journal of Circumpolar Health, Global Health Action and Polar Geography).

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