Frontier Passages: Ethnopolitics and the Rise of Chinese Communism, 1921-1945

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Stanford University Press, 2004 - History - 240 pages
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In this pathbreaking book, Xiaoyuan Liu establishes the ways in which the history of the Chinese Communist Party was, from the Yan’an period onward, intertwined with the ethnopolitics of the Chinese “periphery.” As a Han-dominated party, the CCP had to adapt to an inhospitable political environment, particularly among the Hui (Muslims) of northwest China and the Mongols of Inner Mongolia. Based on a careful examination of CCP and Soviet Comintern documents only recently available, Liu’s study shows why the CCP found itself unable to follow the Russian Bolshevik precedent by inciting separatism among the non-Han peoples as a stratagem for gaining national power. Rather than swallowing Marxist-Leninist dogma on “the nationalities question,” the CCP took a position closer to that of the Kuomintang, stressing the inclusiveness of the Han-dominated Chinese nation, “Zhongua Minzu.”

  

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Contents

Limitations of Conversion
27
A Rebellious Option
51
The Search for a Peripheral Strategy
77
In Lieu of Internationalization
101
TransEthnic Reach
127
From the Chinese Nation to China of Nations?
159
Notes
173
Bibliography
219
Index
231
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About the author (2004)

Xiaoyuan Liu is an Associate Professor of History at Iowa State University and a recent Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington.

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