Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes in Europe: Legacies and Lessons from the Twentieth Century

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Jerzy W. Borejsza, Klaus Ziemer, Magdalena Hułas
Berghahn Books, 2006 - Political Science - 607 pages
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The concept of "Totalitarianism" has been widely, and often hotly, debated, one major issue being whether this term can be equally applied to quite different authoritarian regimes such as fascism, Nazism or communism. This volume is the first attempt to analyze, on a large scale, totalitarian and authoritarian systems in Europe, both in a long-term historical perspective and immediately after their collapse. Often using new archival material, historians, legal scholars, political scientists, and sociologists from fourteen different countries explore traditional concepts and typologies of totalitarianism and authoritarianism and discuss the transformation of these regimes into democratic systems over the last decade.
  

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Contents

Three Forms of Totalitarianism
3
Stalinism National Socialism and Their
25
What Was Not Allowed to Be Written about Coming to Terms with
53
the Perception of Totalitarianism in Italy in a
70
Polish Interpretations of Bolshevism and Totalitarian Systems 19181939
80
How Slovak Historiography is Coming to Terms with a Dual Past
106
Strategies of Dealing with the Past in
123
Factors in Their Decline and
158
the Case of
313
The Nature and Perspectives of Bolshevism through the RSDWP
330
Three Experiments
343
Rightwing Radicalism in Contemporary Poland
354
the Birth of the Political System of the
373
Policy for Dealing with
399
an Important Contribution
431
Have We Succeeded in Coming to Terms with the Past? A Comparison of
449

Case Studies
171
Paragon of the Totalitarian Conception
177
The Short and Longterm Effects of the Authoritarian Regime and of
188
Stabilisation of Power through Social and Consumer Policy in the GDR
209
Croatias Experience
228
Authoritarian Rule in Greece 19361974 and Its Heritage
237
the Transformation of theDeveloped SocialistState
276
Authoritarianism
297
Historical Memory and Legislative Changes in Romania
464
How the Federal Republic of Germany Dealt
481
The Communist Past in Postcommunist Russia
516
The Concept of Totalitarianism in Italian Culture after 1945
541
Stalin in Soviet and Russian History Textbooks from the 1930s to
556
Historical Memory and Monument
569
Index
587
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