The Countryside of East Anglia: Changing Landscapes, 1870-1950

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Boydell & Brewer Ltd, 2008 - History - 252 pages
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The countryside we enjoy today has a very long history, but many of its key features were created in the relatively recent past - as this book shows. It investigates how the landscape of a particular area of England, East Anglia, developed in the period of the so-called great depression, beginning in 1870, and the phase of wartime intensification which succeeded it after 1930. It considers how fields, farms and villages developed in this period of dramatic agricultural change; examines the fate of country houses, gardens, and landed estates; and looks in some detail at the character of habitat change - at the development of hedges, woods, wetlands and heaths. It also considers how new kinds of landscape, ranging from vast conifer plantations to holiday resorts, came into existence. The period of the 'great depression' was not simply one of stasis and decay. It was instead a time in which there were fundamental changes in the rural environment, changes which were not always beneficial to wildlife and biodiversity. This book will be essential reading for all those interested in the history of the countryside (in East Anglia and beyond), landscape history, agricultural history, and historical ecology.
  

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Contents

Farming in Depression
11
Alternative Agriculture
45
Estate Landscapes
73
New Landscapes
96
The Changing Countryside
119
Change in the Village
148
Imagining the Countryside
177
The Second World War and its Aftermath
196
CONCLUSION
215
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About the author (2008)

Susanna Wade Martins is a research fellow at the Centre of East Anglian Studies, Univ. of East Anglia.

Tom Williamson is professor in landscape history at the University of East Anglia, and the author of "the Transformation of Rural England: Farming and the Landscape 1700-1870", also published by the University of Exeter Press.

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