Renewable Energy Strategies for Europe: Foundations and context

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Earthscan, 1995 - History - 195 pages
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Published in association with The Royal Institute of International AffairsRenewable energy has been hailed by some as the foundation of future energy supplies, while others have voiced profound scepticism. In recent years, this sharp division has weakened: outright rejection has been tempered as the technologies have improved, but the contribution of renewable energy remains small.This report examines the basis for renewable energy policy in Europe: the intellectual and political driving forces; the projections and current initiatives; the energy-economic and socio-political context for renewable energy policies within the EU; and the lessons that can be drawn from history. The report argues that there are indeed valid and diverse reasons for supporting renewable energy. But the issues, policies and options cannot be understood solely in terns of the energy sector. Renewables depend upon developments in other sectors (such as agriculture) and on broader sustainability and structural policies in Europe, at many different political levels. Experience shows that policies can make a big difference but also carry the danger of costly errors: appropriate policies and their impact will vary radically according to different national circumstances.
  

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Contents

The New Agendas I I
1-1
The Driving Forces 1
1-25
EnergyEnvironmental Trends and Policies in
1-75
a share b mtoe 1
1-81
The External Dimension 1
1-101
factors and conventions 1 61
3
International
38
Experience with Policies
56
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About the author (1995)

Michael Grubb is the Editor-in-Chief of Climate Policy and is a leading international researcher on the economic and policy dimensions of climate change and energy policy issues. He currently holds positions as Chief Economist at The Carbon Trust (UK), Senior Research Associate at the Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge and Visiting Professor at the Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London.