Becoming Achilles: Child-sacrifice, War, and Misrule in the lliad and Beyond

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Lexington Books, Dec 16, 2011 - Psychology - 270 pages
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Viewing the Iliad and myth through the lens of modern psychology, in Becoming Achilles: Child-Sacrifice, War, and Misrule in the Iliad and Beyond, Richard Holway shows how the epic underwrites individual and communal catharsis and denial. Sacrificial childrearing generates but also threatens agonistic, glory-seeking ancient Greek cultures. Not only aggression but knowledge of sacrificial parenting must be purged.

Just as Zeus contrives to have threats to his regime play out harmlessly (to him) in the mortal realm, so the Iliad dramatizes threats to Archaic and later Greek cultures in the safe arena of poetic performance. The epic represents in displaced form destructive mother-son and father-daughter liaisons and resulting strife within and between generations.

Holway calls into question the Iliad’s (and many scholars’) presentation of Achilles as a hero who speaks truth to power, learns through suffering, and exemplifies kingly virtues that Agamemnon lacks. So too the Iliad’s cathartic process, whether conceived as purging innate aggression or arriving at moral clarity. Instead, Holway argues, Achilles (and Socrates) try to prove they are not what at bottom they experience themselves to be—needy, defenseless children, who fear to acknowledge, much less speak out against, parents' use of them to meet parents' needs.

What emerges from Holway’s analysis is not only a new reading of the Iliad, from its first word to its last, but a revised account of the family dynamics underlying ancient Greek cultures.
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
Chapter One The Quarrel
7
Chapter Two Heroic Psychology
27
Chapter Three Mythobiographies
49
Chapter Four Catharsis and Denial
61
Chapter Five Fathers and Sons
79
Chapter Six Mothers and Sons
105
Chapter Seven Departures from Maternal Agendas
131
Chapter Eight Self in Crisis
153
Achilles and Socrates
177
Notes
199
Selected Bibliography
231
Index
247
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

Richard Holway has a PhD in political science from the University of California at Berkeley. The history and social sciences editor at the University of Virginia Press, he teaches in the Department of Politics and the Bachelor of Interdisciplinary Studies Program at the University of Virginia.

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