Linguistic Culture and Language Policy

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Psychology Press, 1998 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 351 pages
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Language policies are crucial in determining how language will be taught in schools and used as an official national tongue. How and why do such policies evolve? By looking closely at the multilingual democracies of India, France and the USA, Harold F. Schiffman examines how language policy is primarily a social construct based on belief systems, attitudes and myths. It is these conceptual elements that the author presents as the linguistic culture of a society. Rather than viewing language policy as the explicit embodiment of rules, this book examines how these policies are formed within a broader framework and influenced by the covert, implicit grass-roots of each linguistic culture. Moreover, Schiffman focuses on one linguistic minority region of each of the nations studied to show how minorities have dealt with challenges to the official language.
  

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Contents

language policy and linguistic culture
1
Typologies of multilingualism and typologies
26
Religion myth and linguistic culture
55
Language policy and linguistic culture in France
75
Alsace and
124
Indian linguistic culture and the genesis of language
148
Language policy and linguistic culture in Tamilnadu
173
Language policy in the United States
210
Conclusion
276
Bibliography
322
Index
341
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About the author (1998)

Harold F. Schiffman is Professor of South Asian Regional Studies and Luce Professor of Language Learning at the University of Pennsylvania

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