The Science and Engineering of Cutting: The Mechanics and Processes of Separating, Scratching and Puncturing Biomaterials, Metals and Non-metals

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Butterworth-Heinemann, Jul 15, 2009 - Technology & Engineering - 432 pages
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The materials mechanics of the controlled separation of a body into two or more parts – cutting – using a blade or tool or other mechanical implement is a ubiquitous process in most engineering disciplines. This is the only book available devoted to the cutting of materials generally, the mechanics of which (toughness, fracture, deformation, plasticity, tearing, grating, chewing, etc.) have wide ranging implications for engineers, medics, manufacturers, and process engineers, making this text of particular interest to a wide range of engineers and specialists.

* The only book to explain and unify the process and techniques of cutting in metals AND non-metals. The emphasis on biomaterials, plastics and non-metals will be of considerable interest to many, while the transfer of knowledge from non-metals fields offers important benefits to metal cutters
* Comprehensive, written with this well-known author’s lightness of touch, the book will attract the attention of many readers in this underserved subject
* The clarity of the text is further enhanced by detailed examples and case studies, from the grating of cheese on an industrial scale to the design of scalpels

  

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Contents

Cutting Scraping and Spreading
1
Muscles Impact and New Surfaces
11
CHAPTER 3 Simple Orthogonal Cutting of Floppy Brittle and Ductile Materials
35
Load Fluctuations Scaling and Deformation Transitions
75
Oblique Cutting and Curved Blades Scissors Guillotining and Drilling
111
Scratching Grinding Abrasive Wear Engraving and Sculpting
141
CHAPTER 7 Sawing Chisels and Files
171
Piercing and Perforating Arms and Armour
189
CHAPTER 11 Cutting in Biology Palaeontology and Medicine
259
CHAPTER 12 Food and FoodCutting Devices and Wire Cutting
283
CHAPTER 13 Teeth as Cutting Tools
307
CHAPTER 14 Burrowing in Soils Digging and Ploughing
327
Supermarket Plastic Bags Falling Objects Ships Hitting Rocks and Aeroplanes Hitting Buildings
353
APPENDIX 1 Friction Forces on a Wedgeshaped Tool Cutting Orthogonally
367
APPENDIX 2 Friction in Cutting
371
REFERENCES
375

Absolute or Relative? Tool Materials and Tool Wear
221
Dynamic Cutting
245

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