A Century of International Drug Control
United Nations Publications, Oct 1, 2009 - Political Science - 104 pages
The international drug control system is one of the oldest consensus-based multilateral systems in existence. While the use of psychoactive substances itself extends back many centuries, today's international drug control system is rooted in efforts made a century ago to address the largest substance abuse problem the world has ever faced: the Chinese opium epidemic. The present volume is not a diplomatic history, it aims only to present the basic development of the modern drug control system: why and how it arose, how it impacted drug production and consumption and its legacy for present and future international drug control efforts.
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The Drug Situation Prior to the Establishment of an International Drug Control System
The Emergence of an International Drug Control Consensus
The Development of the Legal Framework and Codification of the International Control System
International Drug Control under the Auspices of the United Nations
Drug Trends over a Century of Drug Control
Achievements and unintended Consequences of the International Drug Control System
1988 Convention 20th century Action Plan addiction alternative development amounted amphetamine-type stimulants Annual per capita Article Asia authorities British cannabis capita consumption China Chinese cocaine Consumption estimates Convention against Illicit countries crime cultivation decline delegation demand reduction Drogues drug abuse drug control system drug trafficking Drugs and Psychotropic exports extradition Formosa global Government grams hashish illicit drug Illicit Traffic implementation INCB increased India Indochina international drug control International Opium Commission International Opium Convention League of Nations levels licit manufacture measures ment million money laundering morphine Narcotic Narcotic Drugs number of opium offences opiates Opium consumption opium imports opium poppy opium production opium smokers opium trade opium users Parties Persia piculs poppy straw precursor prepared opium prevalence rate prevention programmes Protocol Psychotropic Substances reduce reported revenues Shanghai Single Convention smoking social tion tons total population Traffic in Narcotic treaty United Nations UNODC World Drug Problem