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I find this book to be an extremely valuable guide to how places got their names. It should be kept firmly in mind that the logic behind the meanings isn't guaranteed to be what the reader thinks it should be - things have changed a lot in the past 2,500 years - but this book isn't primarily concerned with the logic, just the meanings. It's the starting point for any further discovery, not the end result, unless the derivation is all you want to know. Without this, you wouldn't be able to start at all.
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12th cent Antrim Baile burh dative byrig burna Cambs Celtic river-name meaning Ches church Cill Cork Cornwall Cumbria dative plural form denu Derbys Devon Distinguishing affixes Donegal Dorset dūn E. R. Yorks Essex Estate associated examples include family or followers farm farmstead or hamlet Farmstead or village feld ford Gaelic Galway Glos grow halh hām or hamm Hants Herefs hill hōh Homestead or enclosure Homestead or village hyll Identical in origin ingas island Kent Kerry Lancs lēah Leics Limerick Lincs Manorial affix Mayo name genitive name means Nook of land Norfolk Northants Northum Notts OE lēah OE pers OE tūn Offaly OFrench Open land OScand Outlying farmstead Oxon place-names Possibly farmstead previous name Probably farmstead ridge settlement Shrops Somerset spring or stream stān Stronghold Suffolk Sussex Tipperary Townland Tyrone valley Warwicks wella Welsh Westmeath wīc Wilts wood or clearing Woodland clearing Worcs wudu